Anthony Dipple

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A brief summary of recent research, primarily from the authors' laboratory, on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon carcinogens with respect to their DNA adduct formation, the mutational properties of these adducts and the effects of hydrocarbon dihydrodiol epoxide metabolites on the passage of cells through the cell cycle is presented. The concept of stealth(More)
The effect of three reactive potent chemical carcinogens on the passage of MCF-7 cells through the cell cycle was investigated. While these cells, which express wild-type p53, were arrested in G(1) after treatment with actinomycin D (a positive control), treatment with anti-benzo[a]pyrene dihydrodiol epoxide, N-acetoxy-N-2-fluorenylacetamide or(More)
Primary mouse embryo cell cultures were grown in the presence of [14C]guanine, labeling primarily deoxyguanosine residues in the cellular DNA, or in the presence of [14C]adenine, labeling both deoxyguanosine and deoxyadenosine residues in the cellular DNA. These cultures were subsequently exposed to 7,12-[3H]dimethylbenz(a)anthracene for 24 hr. The DNA was(More)
Introduction During the 30 years or so following the identification of the first pure chemical carcinogen (1), no common factors or pathways in the mechanism of action of carcinogens from different chemical classes were evident. For this reason perhaps, each class of carcinogen, e.g. the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the aromatic amines and the(More)
The eight products resulting from opening of either enantiomer of styrene oxide at the alpha- or beta-carbon by the 1- or N6-positions of adenosine were prepared and their configurations assigned. These markers allowed the mechanism of aralkylation of adenosine by styrene oxide to be investigated. It was found that formation of alpha-substituted products at(More)
The characterization of eight benzo[a]pyrene-deoxyribonucleoside adducts derived from reaction of the anti-dihydrodiol epoxide and deoxyguanylic and deoxyadenylic acids is described. It is reported that the epoxide ring is opened by the purine amino groups to yield similar amounts of both cis and trans products. NMR data show that the 7- and 8-hydroxyl(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon carcinogens are usually activated for DNA binding by the metabolic formation of bay region dihydrodiol epoxides with R,S,S,R stereochemistry. Such metabolites from planar hydrocarbons reacted preferentially with the amino groups of deoxyguanosine residues, whereas those from nonplanar hydrocarbons were more efficiently(More)