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As context is important to gene expression, so is the preprocessing of microarray to transcriptomics. Microarray data suffers from several normalization and significance problems. Arbitrary fold change (FC) cut-offs of >2 and significance p-values of <0.02 lead data collection to look only at genes which vary wildly amongst other genes. Therefore, questions(More)
BACKGROUND A traditional lecture-based pedagogy conveys information and content while lacking sufficient development of critical thinking skills and problem solving. A puzzle-based pedagogy creates a broader contextual framework, and fosters critical thinking as well as logical reasoning skills that can then be used to improve a student's performance on(More)
– The swine origin influenza A (S-OIV) virus of 2009 reached pandemic proportions due to its novel sequence identity in human populations of North America and other localities. The S-OIV virus shows subtle change from 2009-2010 in humans, affirming that the HA and NA sequences have been unable to antigenically drift or shift enough to emerge as another(More)
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