Annette C Dolphin15
Wendy S Pratt8
Karen M Page7
Manuela Nieto-Rostro7
Adrian J Butcher6
15Annette C Dolphin
8Wendy S Pratt
7Karen M Page
7Manuela Nieto-Rostro
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The CaVbeta subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels regulate these channels in several ways. Here we investigate the role of these auxiliary subunits in the expression of functional N-type channels at the plasma membrane and in the modulation by G-protein-coupled receptors of this neuronal channel. To do so, we mutated tryptophan 391 to an alanine within(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) has been shown to enhance native voltage-dependent calcium channel (Ca(v)) currents both in myocytes and in neurons; however, the mechanism(s) responsible for this regulation were not known. Here we show that PI3K promotes the translocation of GFP-tagged Ca(v) channels to the plasma membrane in both COS-7 cells and(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels are thought to exist in the plasma membrane as heteromeric proteins, in which the alpha1 subunit is associated with two auxiliary subunits, the intracellular beta subunit and the alpha(2)delta subunit; both of these subunits influence the trafficking and properties of Ca(V)1 and Ca(V)2 channels. The alpha(2)delta subunits have(More)
We have cloned and characterized a new member of the voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel gamma subunit family, with a novel gene structure and striking properties. Unlike the genes of other potential gamma subunits identified by their homology to the stargazin gene, CACNG7 is a five-, and not four-exon gene whose mRNA encodes a protein we have designated(More)
The accessory alpha2delta subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels are highly glycosylated transmembrane proteins that interact with calcium channel alpha1 subunits to enhance calcium currents. We compared the membrane localization and processing of native cerebellar alpha2delta-2 subunits with alpha2delta-2 stably expressed in tsA-201 cells. We(More)
In this review, we examine what is known about the mechanism of action of the auxiliary alpha2delta subunits of voltage-gated Ca(2+) (Ca(v)) channels. First, to provide some background on the alpha2delta proteins, we discuss the genes encoding these channels, in addition to the topology and predicted structure of the alpha2delta subunits. We then describe(More)
The role(s) of the novel stargazin-like gamma-subunit proteins remain controversial. We have shown previously that the neuron-specific gamma7 suppresses the expression of certain calcium channels, particularly Ca(V)2.2, and is therefore unlikely to operate as a calcium channel subunit. We now show that the effect of gamma7 on Ca(V)2.2 expression is via an(More)
The mouse mutant ducky, a model for absence epilepsy, is characterized by spike-wave seizures and cerebellar ataxia. A mutation in Cacna2d2, the gene encoding the alpha 2 delta-2 voltage-dependent calcium channel accessory subunit, has been found to underlie the ducky phenotype. The alpha 2 delta-2 mRNA is strongly expressed in cerebellar Purkinje cells. We(More)
Calcium entry through voltage-gated calcium channels has widespread cellular effects upon a host of physiological processes including neuronal excitability, muscle excitation-contraction coupling, and secretion. Using single particle analysis methods, we have determined the first three-dimensional structure, at 23 A resolution, for a member of the low(More)