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BACKGROUND Nanomaterials such as SiO2 nanoparticles (SiO2NP) are finding increasing applications in the biomedical and biotechnological fields such as disease diagnostics, imaging, drug delivery, food, cosmetics and biosensors development. Thus, a mechanistic and systematic evaluation of the potential biological and toxic effects of SiO2NP becomes crucial(More)
Recent advances and progress in nanobiotechnology have demonstrated many nanoparticles (NPs) as potential and novel drug delivery vehicles, therapeutic agents, and contrast agents and luminescent biological labels for bioimaging. The emergence of new biomedical applications based on NPs signifies the need to understand, compare, and manage their(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is closely implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Associated with this phenotypic transition is the acquisition of an elongated cell morphology and establishment of stress fibers. The extent to which these EMT-associated changes influence cellular mechanics is unclear. We assessed the(More)
A multinet system, comprising SOM's linked via Hebbian connections, has been designed and implemented for automatically annotating and retrieving cell migration images. The collateral compound keywords used in image captions and elsewhere in the text were used to train one SOM and colour moments of the image were used to train another SOM. A corpus of 1004(More)
The application of hierarchical self organizing maps (HSOM) to the segmentation of cell migration images, obtained during high-content screening in molecular medicine, is described. The segmentation is critical to our larger project for developing methods for the automatic annotation of cell migration images. The HSOM appears to perform better than the(More)
RNA interfering (RNAi) screening strategies offer the potential to elucidate the signaling pathways that regulate integrin and adhesion receptor-mediated changes in T lymphocyte morphology. Of crucial importance, however, is the definition of key sets of parameters that will provide accurate, quantitative, and nonredundant information to flag relevant hits(More)
The ordered, directional migration of T-lymphocytes is a key process during immune surveillance, immune response, and development. A novel series of pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxazepines have been shown to potently induce apoptosis in variety of human chemotherapy resistant cancer cell lines, indicating their potential in the treatment of both solid tumors and tumors(More)
The VEGF pathway has become an important therapeutic target in lung cancer, where VEGF has long been established as a potent pro-angiogenic growth factor expressed by many types of tumors. While Bevacizumab (Avastin) has proven successful in increasing the objective tumor response rate and in prolonging progression and overall survival in patients with(More)
A novel single step assay approach to screen a library of photdynamic therapy (PDT) compounds was developed. Utilizing high content analysis (HCA) technologies several robust cellular parameters were identified, which can be used to determine the phototoxic effects of porphyrin compounds which have been developed as potential anticancer agents directed(More)
A library of glycosylated porphyrins (glycoporphyrins) was prepared and the compounds were evaluated for their photodynamic therapy (PDT) activity against the oesophageal squamous-cell carcinoma cell line OE21 in vitro. A synthetic methodology was developed to allow incorporation of biologically active carbohydrates, including the histo-blood-group antigen(More)