Anthony D. Miller

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Cholinergic and glutamatergic projections from the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) in the rat pons excite midbrain dopamine cells to directly modulate forebrain dopamine transmission. We show that LDT-lesioned rats express higher intensity stereotypy (including orofacial movements), and higher levels of accumbal dopamine release in response to(More)
The reinforcing properties of cocaine have been related to increased extracellular concentrations of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). M5 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) on dopamine cells in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) facilitate mesoaccumbens dopamine transmission and are critically involved in mediating natural and drug(More)
Laterodorsal (LDT) and pedunculopontine (PPT) tegmental nuclei in the mesopontine project cholinergic inputs to the midbrain ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc), respectively, to directly and indirectly influence the activity of dopamine neuronal cells via actions on muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. The present study(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the longitudinal effects of weighted sled (WS) and weighted vest (WV) sprint training on maximum velocity sprint performance and kinematics. Twenty male collegiate lacrosse players were randomly assigned to a WS group (n = 7) towing 10% body mass, a WV group (n = 6) loaded with 18.5% body mass, or an unresisted(More)
Responses during a simple reaction time task are influenced by temporal expectation, or the ability to anticipate when a stimulus occurs in time. Here, we test the hypothesis that prefrontal D1 dopamine signaling is necessary for temporal expectation during simple reaction time task performance. We depleted dopamine projections to the medial prefrontal(More)
Cholinergic and glutamatergic cells in the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus are a principal source of excitatory input to midbrain dopamine neurons projecting to the striatum. Disruption of these brainstem inputs has been shown to respectively enhance and reduce psychostimulant and opiate self-administration in rats. In the present study, d-amphetamine-(More)
Opiates, like other addictive drugs, elevate forebrain dopamine levels and are thought to do so mainly by inhibiting GABA neurons near the ventral tegmental area (VTA), in turn leading to a disinhibition of dopamine neurons. However, cholinergic inputs from the laterodorsal (LDT) and pedunculopontine (PPT) tegmental nucleus to the VTA and substantia nigra(More)
Midbrain dopamine neurons are critical in mediating the rewarding effects of opiates in dependent rats, as well as modulating some manifestations of opiate withdrawal. Morphine is known to excite dopamine neurons and thereby facilitate forebrain dopamine transmission through inhibition of GABA neurons. Cholinergic neurons in the mesopontine laterodorsal and(More)
Activation of glutamate receptors within the ventral tegmental area (VTA) stimulates extrasynaptic (basal) dopamine release in terminal regions, including the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Hindbrain inputs from the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) are critical for elicitation of phasic VTA dopamine cell activity and consequent transient dopamine release.(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) E1 enhances formation of 3H-adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophasphate (3H-cAMP) in platelets pulse-labeled with 3H-adenine. This response was assessed as an index of receptor sensitivity and of PG function. Prostagladin E1-stimulated 3H-cAMP accumulation in paltelets from schizophrenics was significantly reduced compared with control subjects.(More)