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At the close of the Fourth International Polar Year, we take stock of the ecological consequences of recent climate change in the Arctic, focusing on effects at population, community, and ecosystem scales. Despite the buffering effect of landscape heterogeneity, Arctic ecosystems and the trophic relationships that structure them have been severely(More)
— One of the benefits of a computational grid is the ability to run high-performance applications over distributed resources simply and securely. We demonstrated this benefit with an experiment in which we studied the protein-folding process with the CHARMM molecular simulation package over a grid managed by a grid operating system, Legion. High-performance(More)
Measures of first-year autumn mortality rates are important parameters for understanding population dynamics, but have been hitherto unavailable for dabbling ducks in Europe, because most ducks are ringed in winter. We used the temporal change in the proportion of juveniles in wing samples from hunters in Finland, Denmark and UK, together with adult(More)
Demographic links among fragmented populations are commonly studied as source-sink dynamics, whereby source populations exhibit net recruitment and net emigration, while sinks suffer net mortality but enjoy net immigration. It is commonly assumed that large, persistent aggregations of individuals must be sources, but this ignores the possibility that they(More)
Scaly-sided Mergansers Mergus squamatus breed on freshwater rivers in Far East Russia, Korea, and China, wintering on similar habitat in China and Korea, but information on their post-breeding moulting habitats remains elusive. We combined analysis of stable hydrogen isotope ratios (δ2H) in flight feathers from nesting females equipped with geolocators to(More)
This is a proof of concept paper based on chronological samples of growing feathers from geese thought to be molt-migrants. When molt-migrant birds initiate molt shortly after migrating to a new isoscape, isotope values measured along the length of their feathers should change continuously. To assess long-term changes and daily cycling in δ (15)N and δ(More)
During sub-zero temperatures and strong winds on 10–11 April 2013, we witnessed ice accumulation on plastic collars of staging Greenland white-fronted geese Anser albifrons flavirostris in Iceland. Ice affected 19 of 77 collared individuals seen, all of which had lost ice by 12 April, despite continuing freezing temperatures. Temperatures exceeded freezing(More)
Geese often forage on mid-winter foods that fail to satisfy daily energy needs, but they may do so to acquire other nutrients, such as nitrogen. We tested this hypothesis by evaluating nitrogen budgets, namely the balance of nitrogen income against expenditure, of wintering Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus feeding at two sites within East(More)
There are almost no long-term demographic monitoring programmes of commoner waterbird species, yet such data are fundamental to our understanding of drivers of population change. In the present study, we present annual age and sex ratios in samples of shot duck wings forwarded on a voluntary basis by hunters throughout Denmark from 1982 to 2010 for eight(More)
Greenland White-fronted Geese wintering in Ireland and Britain stage for 3 weeks in Iceland in spring before migrating onwards to breeding areas in west Greenland. The geese now depart their wintering quarters 12–15 days earlier than in 1973 because they attain necessary fat stores earlier than in previous years. Icelandic temperatures at critical midway(More)
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