Anthony Cooper

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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) refers to a spectrum of abnormalities involving the developing hip. These abnormalities range from mild instability to frank dislocation of the joint. It is important to treat the condition effectively in order to encourage the hip to develop normally and produce good long-term results. This article reviews the(More)
BACKGROUND In situ pinning, a low-risk treatment for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), leaves the slipped femoral head in place and may reduce range of motion (ROM) and cause impingement. It is unclear when a more complex surgery should be considered, because the relationships between severity, slip stability, remodeling, impingement, and ROM are(More)
In the majority of HIV-1 infected individuals, the adaptive immune response drives virus escape resulting in persistent viremia and a lack of immune-mediated control. The expression of negative regulatory molecules such as PD-1 during chronic HIV infection provides a useful marker to differentiate functional memory T cell subsets and the frequency of T(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the results of hip arthroscopy in patients under the age of 25 with those over 25 years. DESIGN From March 2006 until May 2010, data were collected on all patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for symptomatic intra-articular hip pathology. The patients were divided into two groups based on age (less than 25 years and over 25 years).(More)
A major challenge in the development of a cure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been the incomplete understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. It is now realized that the establishment of a latently infected reservoir refractory to immune system recognition has thus far hindered eradication(More)
BACKGROUND Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are an increasingly popular research tool used to evaluate the outcomes of surgical intervention. If applied appropriately, they can be useful both for disease monitoring and as a method of assessing the efficacy of treatment. Many disorders can lead to impingement in children and adolescents, but it is not clear(More)
BACKGROUND Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is commonly treated with in situ pinning. However, a severe slip may not be suitable for in situ pinning because the required screw trajectory is such that it risks perforating the posterior cortex and damaging the remaining blood supply to the capital epiphysis. In such cases, an anteriorly placed screw(More)
PURPOSE Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) affects approximately 1 % of live births. Dislocated hips require reduction and stabilisation in a spica cast, and reduction efficacy is assessed radiologically. Numerous measurements are used to ascertain the adequacy of reduction but can be inconsistent in evaluating femoral head position. This study(More)
We present a time–parallel technique for the fast generation of self–similar traffic which is suitable for performance studies of Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) networks. The technique is based on the well known result according to which the aggregation of a large number of heavy–tailed ON/OFF– type renewal/reward processes asymptotically approximates a(More)