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Evidence-based guidelines for managing patients with intra-abdominal infection were prepared by an Expert Panel of the Surgical Infection Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. These updated guidelines replace those previously published in 2002 and 2003. The guidelines are intended for treating patients who either have these infections or(More)
Staphylocoagulase, a major phenotypic determinant of Staphylococcus aureus, exists in multiple allelic forms, in part because of the existence of gene variants within the 3'-end coding region. This region contains a series of repeating 81-bp DNA sequences which differ both in the number of tandem repeats and the location of AluI restriction sites among(More)
Joseph S. Solomkin, John E. Mazuski, Ellen J. Baron, Robert G. Sawyer, Avery B. Nathens, Joseph T. DiPiro, Timothy Buchman, E. Patchen Dellinger, John Jernigan, Sherwood Gorbach, Anthony W. Chow, and John Bartlett Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Surgery, Washington University School of(More)
A set of universal degenerate primers which amplified, by PCR, a 600-bp oligomer encoding a portion of the 60-kDa heat shock protein (HSP60) of both Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis were developed. However, when used as a DNA probe, the 600-bp PCR product generated from S. epidermidis failed to cross-hybridize under high-stringency(More)
Evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and initial management of suspected acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in adults and children were prepared by a multidisciplinary expert panel of the Infectious Diseases Society of America comprising clinicians and investigators representing internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, otolaryngology, public(More)
The phylogenetic relationships among 36 validly described species or subspecies within the genus Staphylococcus were investigated by cloning and sequencing their 60 kDa heat-shock protein (HSP60) genes using a set of universal degenerate HSP60 PCR primers. The cloned partial HSP60 DNA sequences from nine Staphylococcus aureus strains were highly conserved(More)
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a serious illness with a significant impact not only on individual patients but also on society as a whole. Guidelines for the initial antibiotic management of CAP were developed in Canada in 1993 and subsequently by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) that same year and by the Infectious Diseases Society of(More)
1Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia; 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston; 3Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; 4Department of Surgery, University of(More)