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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain injury is common in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring neonatal surgery. The purpose of this study is to define the risk factors for preoperative and postoperative brain injuries and their association with functional cardiac anatomic groups. METHODS Sixty-two neonates with CHD were studied with preoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes of extracardiac conduit and lateral tunnel Fontan connections in a single institution over a concurrent time period. METHODS Between January 1994 and September 1998, 60 extracardiac conduit and 47 lateral tunnel total cavopulmonary connections were performed. Age, sex, and weight did not differ between the 2 groups. Compared(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital heart disease in newborns is associated with global impairment in development. We characterized brain metabolism and microstructure, as measures of brain maturation, in newborns with congenital heart disease before they underwent heart surgery. METHODS We studied 41 term newborns with congenital heart disease--29 who had(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative brain injury, particularly stroke and white matter injury, is common in neonates with congenital heart disease. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of hemorrhage or extension of preoperative brain injury with cardiac surgery. METHODS This dual-center prospective cohort study recruited 92 term neonates, 62 with(More)
BACKGROUND The "sutureless" repair technique has improved outcomes for post-repair pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the early outcomes of primary sutureless repair of pulmonary venoocclusive disease in infants with congenital PV stenosis-hypoplasia or PVs at high risk for progressive stenosis. METHODS This is a(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic valve-preserving procedures have resulted in excellent outcomes in selected patients, particularly those with normal aortic valve leaflets and dilated aortic roots. However, several congenital heart lesions are associated with abnormal aortic valve leaflets. The long-term results of aortic valve repair for these lesions are not well(More)
We sought to evaluate the relation of a prenatal diagnosis (preDx) with morbidity and mortality during the initial hospitalization in a contemporary cohort of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). A retrospective study of patients with HLHS presenting from 1999 to 2010 was performed. Patients with genetic disorders or a gestational age <34(More)
BACKGROUND The historic outcome of the Fontan procedure in children with single ventricle and heterotaxy syndrome has been poor, and in the current era it has been incompletely described. METHODS From January 1993 through April 2000, 30 patients (age range, 5.3 +/- 3.6 years) had total cavopulmonary connection for single ventricle and isomerism and(More)
Although oxidative stress is known to contribute to endothelial dysfunction-associated systemic vascular disorders, its role in pulmonary vascular disorders is less clear. Our previous studies, using isolated pulmonary arteries taken from lambs with surgically created heart defect and increased pulmonary blood flow (Shunt), have suggested a role for(More)
A lamb model of pulmonary hypertension, developed by inserting an aortopulmonary vascular graft (shunt), displays vascular remodeling and increased pulmonary blood flow characteristic of children with congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), a smooth muscle cell mitogen,(More)