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Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were measured for sinusoidal gratings with spatio-chromatic modulation defined in a three-dimensional color space. The spatio-chromatic modulation of the gratings can be decomposed into contributions from an achromatic luminance varying component, an isoluminant component which modulates only the activities of L cones and M(More)
PURPOSE To document the development of key optical and structural parameters of the crystalline lens throughout childhood and examine possible mechanisms by which lens power remains coordinated with the growth of the eye to maintain emmetropia. METHODS Using cycloplegic autorefraction, video-based phakometry, and ultrasonography, the authors measured(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cycloplegic agent on the measurement of refractive error and the ocular components. METHODS We compared two commonly used topical cycloplegic agents, 1% tropicamide and 1% cyclopentolate, for their effect on the measurement of refractive error (by Canon R-1 autorefraction), accommodative(More)
Over a large range of light adaptation levels, sensitivity to 25 Hz flicker improves as the light level of the background increases. Using small background discs and annular surrounds, this effect was shown to be mediated by the surround and not the average luminance of the test region, in agreement with recent reports. The effect is due to two types of(More)
Visual evoked potentials were recorded in response to spatiochromatic stimuli modulated in different directions in cone-activation color space from subjects with congenital and acquired color defects. This technique was effective for detection and classification of both mild and severe forms of congenital deficits. Results suggest that the visual evoked(More)
There is considerable evidence in the literature that rod-cone interaction occurs when both rods and cones simultaneously detect a test target. More recent evidence, however, has shown a parafoveal rod-cone interaction during dark adaptation for a purely cone-detected flickering test stimulus; this influence on cone threshold appears to be mediated by(More)
The sensitivity of short-wavelength-sensitive (SWS) cone pathways throughout the central 30-deg visual field was determined in both eyes of 62 normal volunteers between the ages of 20 and 72 years. We found an average SWS cone pathway sensitivity decrease with age of approximately 0.15 log unit per decade. The sensitivity reduction was approximately linear,(More)
Accurate measurement of the dioptric power of the human crystalline lens is important in any study of ocular development and refractive error. Previous studies have used comparison ophthalmophakometry, measuring crystalline lens curvature and power from still flash photographs of Purkinje images I, III, and IV. This report presents a video-based technique(More)
Little is known about the early natural history (prior to visual acuity loss) of age-related maculopathy (ARM). We report here results from noninvasive psychophysical tests designed to evaluate aspects of chromatic and achromatic visual processing in patients with ARM known to be at increased visual risk. These tests results indicate that prior to a visual(More)