Anthony A. Gatenby

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Assembly of foreign prokaryotic ribulose bisphosphate carboxylases (Rubiscos) in Escherichia coli requires both heat-shock proteins groEL and groES. GroEL is related to a chloroplast protein implicated in Rubisco assembly. Bacteria and chloroplasts therefore have a conserved mechanism that uses auxiliary proteins to assist in the assembly of Rubisco.
In vitro reconstitution of active ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) from unfolded polypeptides is facilitated by the molecular chaperones: chaperonin-60 from Escherichia coli (groEL), yeast mitochondria (hsp60) or chloroplasts (Rubisco sub-unit-binding protein), together with chaperonin-10 from E. coli (groES), and Mg-ATP. Because chaperonins are(More)
Biological production of p-hydroxycinnamic acid (pHCA) from glucose can be achieved via deamination of the aromatic amino acids l-tyrosine or l-phenylalanine. Deamination of l-phenylalanine produces trans-cinnamic acid (CA) which is further hydroxylated in the para position to produce pHCA. However, when tyrosine is used as the substrate, trans-pHCA is(More)
Chloroplasts contain a 21-kDa co-chaperonin polypeptide (cpn21) formed by two GroES-like domains fused together in tandem. Expression of a double-domain spinach cpn21 in Escherichia coli groES mutant strains supports growth of bacteriophages lambda and T5, and will also suppress a temperature-sensitive growth phenotype of a groES619 strain. Each domain of(More)
The spontaneous refolding of chemically denatured dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is completely arrested by chaperonin 60 (GroEL). This inhibition presumably results from the formation of a stable complex between chaperonin 60 and one or more intermediates in the folding pathway. While sequestered on chaperonin 60, DHFR is considerably more sensitive to(More)
Mitochondria contain a polypeptide that is functionally equivalent to Escherichia coli chaperonin 10 (cpn10; also known as groES). This mitochondrial cpn10 has been identified in beef and rat liver and is able to replace bacterial cpn10 in the chaperonin-dependent reconstitution of chemically denatured ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase. Thus, like the(More)
Synthesis of the large subunit polypeptide of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase can be detected in Escherichia coli cells containing the chloroplast genes from maize and wheat. The chloroplast DNA sequences contain a 'promoter' that, in Escherichia coli, initiates transcription and translation of the genes. This synthesis of large subunits has been(More)
The chemical monomer p-hydroxystyrene (pHS) is used for producing a number of important industrial polymers from petroleum-based feedstocks. In an alternative approach, the microbial production of pHS can be envisioned by linking together a number of different metabolic pathways, of which those based on using glucose for carbon and energy are currently the(More)
The higher plant chloroplast chaperonins (ch-cpn60 and ch-cpn10) have been purified and their structural/functional properties examined. In all plants surveyed, both proteins were constitutively expressed, and only modest increases in their levels were detected upon heat shock. Like GroEL and GroES of Escherichia coli, the chloroplast chaperonins can(More)