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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the phase difference that occurs between an induced oscillation in blood pressure and the resultant oscillation in middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow velocity could reflect the competence of cerebral autoregulation. METHODS Fourteen volunteers performed 19 cycles of 10 seconds of(More)
We have undertaken a prospective clinical and radiological analysis of 124 shoulder arthroplasties (113 patients) carried out for osteoarthritis. The clinical results showed improvement in the absolute Constant score and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score of 22 and 43, respectively. Both were statistically significant (p < 0.001). There was no(More)
Changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be assessed directly with xenon clearance (XeC) or indirectly by measuring changes in middle cerebral artery blood velocity (Vmca) with transcranial Doppler (TCD). The aim of this study was to compare the changes in CBF and Vmca following caffeine ingestion. Nineteen patients (age 48-86, recovering from an acute(More)
In this study we evaluated the role of Doppler sonography in the assessment of central mandibular blood flow. We assessed the characteristics of blood flow in the mental artery, the larger terminal branch of the inferior alveolar artery, in 30 healthy volunteers equally distributed in the age groups 20-39, 40-59 and over 60 years. We used a DWL Multi-Dop(More)
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography measures cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) of basal intracranial vessels and is used clinically to detect stroke risk in children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Co-inheritance in SCA of alpha-thalassaemia and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) polymorphisms is reported to associate with high CBFv and/or risk of(More)
The Acclaim total elbow replacement is a modular system which allows implantation in both unlinked and linked modes. The results of the use of this implant in primary total elbow replacement in 36 patients, operated on between July 2000 and August 2002, are presented at a mean follow-up of 36 months (24 to 49). Only one patient did not have good relief of(More)
A forced periodic variation in blood pressure produces a similar variation in cerebral blood velocity. The amplitudes and phases of the pressure and velocity waveforms are indicative of the dynamic response of the cerebral autoregulation. The phase of the velocity leads the pressure; the greater the phase difference the faster the autoregulation response.(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure cerebral blood flow before and after intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) in patients at high risk of developing delayed cerebral ischaemia after aneurysm surgery following subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS Six prospectively selected patients at high risk of developing delayed ischaemia had elective IABC after clipping of(More)
PURPOSE Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is a potentially treatable cause of morbidity and mortality but tools for monitoring are invasive. We sought to investigate the utility of the tympanic membrane displacement (TMD) analyser for non-invasive measurement of ICP in children. METHODS We made TMD observations on normal and acutely comatose children(More)