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Orc5p is a subunit of the origin recognition complex in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which has been shown to play a critical role in both chromosomal DNA replication and transcriptional silencing. We have cloned cDNAs from both human and fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe that encode proteins homologous to the budding yeast and(More)
Human cyclins A and B1 were assembled with the cdk2 or cdc2 protein to reconstitute their respective kinase activities in vitro. Both cyclins complemented either cdk2 or cdc2, yielding kinase activities that supported the phosphorylation of histone H1. Activation of cdk2-catalyzed H1 kinase activity by cyclin A required a 10-min preincubation of the two(More)
The replication of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA in vitro requires a trimeric single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding protein called HSSB or RPA. HSSB supports the unwinding of DNA containing the SV40 origin in the presence of the viral-encoded T antigen and is required for the initiation of RNA primer synthesis as well as processive elongation of DNA catalyzed by(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5B), which is indispensable for the viral genome replication. Although structural comparison among HCV NS5B, poliovirus 3D-pol, and human immunodeficiency virus-reverse transcriptase RNA-dependent polymerase reveals the canonical palm, fingers, and thumb domains, the crystal structure of(More)
The human single-stranded-DNA-binding protein (HSSB, also called RP-A) is a trimeric complex (p70, p34, and p14) required for multiple functions in DNA transactions. We report here that the p34 subunit of HSSB was hyperphosphorylated by kinase activities present in G1 extract (obtained from HeLa cells in G1 phase) preincubated with human cyclin A. This(More)
We have purified a single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSB) from Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Sp) and have shown that it is composed of three subunits of 68, 30, and 12 kDa. The SpSSB supports T antigen-dependent unwinding of SV40 ori containing DNA, but is not functional in the SV40 in vitro replication reaction. All three genes that encode the SpSSB(More)
The trimeric human single-stranded DNA-binding protein (HSSB; also called RP-A) plays an essential role in DNA replication, nucleotide excision repair, and homologous DNA recombination. The p34 subunit of HSSB is phosphorylated at the G1/S boundary of the cell cycle or upon exposure of cells to DNA damage-inducing agents including ionizing and UV radiation.(More)
The p107 protein is related to the Rb protein by a 60-kDa region of homology called the pocket domain that binds cellular proteins such as E2F and cyclins A and E as well as the viral oncoproteins E1A, E7, and SV40 T antigen. The p107 and Rb proteins have both been implicated as negative regulators of cell growth. We have examined the effect of the(More)
The effect of the tus protein-terB sequence complex of Escherichia coli on the movement of the SV40 large tumor antigen (T antigen)-mediated replication fork during SV40 DNA replication in vitro has been examined. In the monopolymerase and dipolymerase systems, the tus protein-terB complex efficiently blocked the replication fork movement in a polar(More)