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The frequencies of low-activity alleles of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in humans are highly correlated with the prevalence of malaria. These "deficiency" alleles are thought to provide reduced risk from infection by the Plasmodium parasite and are maintained at high frequency despite the hemopathologies that they cause. Haplotype analysis of "A-" and(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) mutations that result in reduced enzyme activity have been implicated in malarial resistance and constitute one of the best examples of selection in the human genome. In the present study, we characterize the nucleotide diversity across a 5.2-kb region of G6PD in a sample of 160 Africans and 56 non-Africans, to(More)
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE, OMIM # 602473) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder of infancy affecting the brain, the gastrointestinal tract and peripheral vessels. It is caused by a defect in the ETHE1 gene product, which was recently shown to be part of a metabolic pathway devoted to sulphide detoxification. We report the application of(More)
The objectives of this study were to evaluate a novel semiquantitative application of the bioluminescence test for screening newborns for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to use this technique in a pilot national program. The study was performed on the island of Cyprus, which provides ideal conditions for maximizing the prevention rate due to the small(More)
Although there is good experimental data that utrophin, the autosomal analog of dystrophin, can ameliorate the phenotype in dystrophinopathies, there is scant evidence from human data to support this hypothesis. We investigated in diagnostic muscle biopsies from 16 patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) the level of utrophin expression using(More)
Two unrelated children and their siblings of Arab origin were diagnosed as having GM1 gangliosidosis on the basis of clinical features and markedly low levels of beta-galactosidase. The T2-weighted magnetic resonance images of the brain revealed certain characteristic features, including delayed myelination and abnormal appearance of the subcortical white(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to identify the mutations in the glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene (GCDH) in ten Cypriot patients with Glutaric aciduria type I (GAI). DESIGN AND METHODS Molecular analysis of the GCDH gene was performed by direct sequencing of the patients' genomic DNA. In silico tools were applied to predict the effect of the novel(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to identify the mutations responsible for phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency in Cypriot patients detected through neonatal screening. DESIGN AND METHODS Analysis of the PAH gene was performed by direct sequencing of the patients' genomic DNA, MLPA analysis and real-time PCR. RESULTS Among 22 independent alleles(More)
The National Mutation Frequency Databases are continuously updated mutation depositories, which contain extensive information over the described genetic heterogeneity of an ethnic group or population. Here, we report the construction of the Cypriot (http://www.goldenhelix.org/cypriot) and Iranian National Mutation Frequency Databases(More)
In the last 15 years, four patients with the infantile form of Sandhoff disease were diagnosed in four different families in Cyprus (population 703,000, birth rate 1.7%). Three of these cases came from the Christian Maronite community (less than 1% of the population) and one from the Greek community (84% of the population). This relatively large number of(More)