Anthi Drousiotou

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The frequencies of low-activity alleles of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in humans are highly correlated with the prevalence of malaria. These "deficiency" alleles are thought to provide reduced risk from infection by the Plasmodium parasite and are maintained at high frequency despite the hemopathologies that they cause. Haplotype analysis of "A-" and(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) mutations that result in reduced enzyme activity have been implicated in malarial resistance and constitute one of the best examples of selection in the human genome. In the present study, we characterize the nucleotide diversity across a 5.2-kb region of G6PD in a sample of 160 Africans and 56 non-Africans, to(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to identify the mutations in the glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene (GCDH) in ten Cypriot patients with Glutaric aciduria type I (GAI). DESIGN AND METHODS Molecular analysis of the GCDH gene was performed by direct sequencing of the patients' genomic DNA. In silico tools were applied to predict the effect of the novel(More)
Objective The characterization of a novel large deletion in the galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) gene accounting for the majority of disease alleles in Cypriot patients with classic galactosemia. Methods DNA sequencing was used to identify the mutations followed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis in the cases(More)
In the last 15 years, four patients with the infantile form of Sandhoff disease were diagnosed in four different families in Cyprus (population 703,000, birth rate 1.7%). Three of these cases came from the Christian Maronite community (less than 1% of the population) and one from the Greek community (84% of the population). This relatively large number of(More)
Sandhoff disease is caused by abnormalities in HEXB gene encoding the beta-subunit of beta-hexosaminidase. In this study, we analyzed the HEXB gene of a Sandhoff carrier in the Greek-Cypriot community. A G to C transversion was identified in one allele of her HEXB gene at position 5 of the 5'-splice site of intron 8 (IVS8 nt5). One of 13 cDNA clones derived(More)
Sandhoff disease occurs in the Christian Maronite community in Cyprus, a community that established over a thousand years ago. Nowadays, this community comprises less than 1% of the whole population, and has been culturally and socially isolated. Cultured fibroblasts from a patient from this inbred group showed a β-hexosaminidase β subunit mRNA of(More)
The objectives of this study were to evaluate a novel semiquantitative application of the bioluminescence test for screening newborns for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to use this technique in a pilot national program. The study was performed on the island of Cyprus, which provides ideal conditions for maximizing the prevention rate due to the small(More)
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE, OMIM # 602473) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder of infancy affecting the brain, the gastrointestinal tract and peripheral vessels. It is caused by a defect in the ETHE1 gene product, which was recently shown to be part of a metabolic pathway devoted to sulphide detoxification. We report the application of(More)
Although there is good experimental data that utrophin, the autosomal analog of dystrophin, can ameliorate the phenotype in dystrophinopathies, there is scant evidence from human data to support this hypothesis. We investigated in diagnostic muscle biopsies from 16 patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) the level of utrophin expression using(More)