Anthea L. Cochrane

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PURPOSE To design and validate a vision-specific quality-of-life assessment tool to be used in a clinical setting to evaluate low-vision rehabilitation strategy and management. METHODS Previous vision-related questionnaires were assessed by low-vision rehabilitation professionals and patients for relevance and coverage. The 74 items selected were(More)
PURPOSE Although many studies have shown a subjective preference for yellow lenses, there has been little success in determining the clinical nature of this benefit. METHOD Contrast sensitivity, color vision, accommodative-convergence, and visual acuity were measured in a group of 20 young subjects along with subjective rating of their perception through(More)
From 1954 to 1961, pulmonary function was assessed in 2,718 British men by forced expiratory maneuvers, and mucus hypersecretion and smoking habits were assessed by questionnaires. In 20 to 25 yr of follow-up, 104 men (all of whom had smoked) died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The risk of death from COPD was strongly correlated with the(More)
The relationship between age-specific mortality rates and some indices of health facilities and some environmental and dietary factors has been studied in 18 developed countries. The indices of health care are not negatively associated with mortality, and there is a marked positive association between the prevalence of doctors and mortality in the younger(More)
A radiological follow-up of the miners and ex-miners in two Welsh mining valleys whose chest radiographs showed simple pneumoconiosis in 1950/51 has been carried out to study the factors associated with the attack rate of progressive massive fibrosis. The radiographs were read in pairs, and also with the pairs separated, the radiographs being randomized and(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the changes that have occurred in a developed world low vision population over the past three decades and to examine the present rehabilitation of the visually impaired attending a multi-disciplinary low vision clinic. METHODS A retrospective examination of the 22,860 patients attending the low vision clinic at Kooyong since its(More)
The results of a randomized controlled trial of a single daily dose of acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) in the prevention of reinfarction in 1,239 men who had had a recent myocardial infarct were statistically inconclusive. Nevertheless, they showed a reduction in total mortality of 12% at six months and 25% at twelve months after admission to the trial.(More)
AIM To determine the most reliable and consistent method and time interval over which to implement a vision impairment quality of life assessment tool. METHODS 117 patients with low vision aged 9-101 years were assigned into three age, sex, and visual function matched groups (n = 39 in each) to answer the Low Vision Quality of Life (LVQOL) questionnaire(More)