Anthea J. Messent

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Here, we report a direct interaction between the beta1 integrin cytoplasmic tail and Rab25, a GTPase that has been linked to tumor aggressiveness and metastasis. Rab25 promotes a mode of migration on 3D matrices that is characterized by the extension of long pseudopodia, and the association of the GTPase with alpha5beta1 promotes localization of vesicles(More)
Soluble proenzyme forms of the catalytic domains of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 2 (MT1-MMP and MT2-MMP) and a form of MT1-MMP containing the catalytic and hemopexin domains were expressed as soluble recombinant proteins. Purified, activated forms of the MT-MMP were shown to degrade fibronectin, tenascin, nidogen, aggrecan and perlecan.(More)
Polarized cell movement is an essential requisite for cancer metastasis; thus, interference with the tumor cell motility machinery would significantly modify its metastatic behavior. Protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) has been implicated in the promotion of a migratory cell phenotype. We report that the phorbol ester-induced cell polarization and(More)
The collagen type I-derived fragment alpha1(I)CB3 is known to recognize the platelet collagen receptor integrin alpha2beta1 as effectively as the parent collagen, although it lacks platelet-aggregatory activity. We have synthesized the fragment as seven overlapping peptides that spontaneously assemble into triple helices. On the basis of their capacity to(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha-converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM-17) has diverse roles in the proteolytic processing of cell surface molecules and, due to its ability to process TNFalpha, is a validated therapeutic target for anti-inflammatory therapies. Unlike a number of other ADAM proteins, which interact with integrin receptors via their disintegrin(More)
Patrick T. Caswell,1 Heather J. Spence,1 Maddy Parsons,2 Dominic P. White,1 Katherine Clark,3 Kwai Wa Cheng,4 Gordon B. Mills,4 Martin J. Humphries,5 Anthea J. Messent,5 Kurt I. Anderson,1 Mary W. McCaffrey,6 Bradford W. Ozanne,1 and Jim C. Norman1,* 1Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK(More)
In the mature gut, laminin-5 is expressed at the basal aspect of the differentiating epithelial cells. In vitro, we show that three more or less differentiated human colonic cancer HT29 cell lines produce and deposit laminin-5; they predominantly synthesize and secrete the 440 kDa form of laminin-5 that comprises the unprocessed 155 kDa gamma2 chain, as(More)
Human SMC2 is part of the condensin complex, which is responsible for tightly packaging replicated genomic DNA prior to segregation into daughter cells. Engagement of the WNT signaling pathway is known to have a mitogenic effect on cells, but relatively little is known about WNT interaction with mitotic structural organizer proteins. In this work, we(More)
In this paper we show that collagenase-3 cleavage of type I collagen has a marked effect on alpha2beta1 integrin-mediated interactions with the collagen fragments generated. Isolated alpha2beta1 integrin and alpha2 integrin A-domain were found to bind to both native collagen and native 3/4 fragment and, to a lesser degree, native 1/4 fragment. Whole(More)
Both spatiotemporal analyses of adhesion signalling and the development of pharmacological inhibitors of integrin receptors currently suffer from the lack of an assay to measure integrin-effector binding and the response of these interactions to antagonists. Indeed, anti-integrin compounds have failed in the clinic because of secondary side effects(More)