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INTRODUCTION Few studies have examined the relationship of coffee and tea in Parkinson's disease (PD). The potential protective effect of coffee intake and risk of PD has not been studied in a Chinese population. There is a high prevalence of caffeine takers among Chinese in our population. OBJECTIVE We undertook a case control study to examine the(More)
Polymorphism of the alpha synuclein promoter region (non-amyloid component of plaques (NACP)-Rep1) is associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) in three separate studies. We studied NACP-Rep1 polymorphism in two independent case control studies in our population. In study one, 104 PD and 104 age, gender and race matched controls; and in(More)
In a case control study, we examined the association of DRD2 Taq1A and Taq1B polymorphisms and risk of PD, and evaluated the strength of linkage disequilibrium of the polymorphisms. The Taq1A and Taq1B polymorphisms were in strong linkage disequilibrium. There was, however, no significant association of the two polymorphisms with PD.
The authors examined four- and six-loci haplotype constructs (from five single nucleotide polymorphisms and three microsatellite regions) of the alpha-synuclein gene in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and controls in an ethnic Chinese population. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated an association of NACP-Rep1 (p = 0.002) and L478 (p < 0.0001)(More)
Cigarette smoking is associated with reduced monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) activity. Polymorphisms of the MAO B gene may modify the relationship between smoking and Parkinson's Disease (PD). We examined the association of MAO B intron 13 G/A polymorphism and risk of PD, and the modulation of the polymorphism on smoking and PD in an Asian study population in(More)
A retrospective review of patients with congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) seen in the Institute of Orthopaedics, Kuala Lumpur General Hospital from 1975 to 1988 is presented. There was a female predominance of 17 to five. The average follow-up was 43 months and the average age at final assessment was 63 months. The results were assessed clinically and(More)
Leaf mustard (Brassica juncea) is a common vegetable widely distributed in China. From September to December, 2014, grey mould disease on leaf mustard was discovered and spread quickly with a high incidence of 35–70 % in Shunyi District, Beijing, China. The pathogen was identified based on detailed morphological, cultural characteristics and pathogenicity(More)
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