Antero Salminen

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Secretion is blocked at the post-Golgi stage within 5 min of a shift of sec4-8 cells from 25 degrees C to 37 degrees C. Analysis of SEC4 predicts a protein product of 23.5 kd molecular weight that shares 32% homology with ras proteins and is essential for growth. The regions of best homology are those involved in the binding and hydrolysis of GTP.(More)
SEC4, one of the 10 genes involved in the final stage of the yeast secretory pathway, encodes a ras-like, GTP-binding protein. In wild-type cells, Sec4 protein is located on the cytoplasmic face of both the plasma membrane and the secretory vesicles in transit to the cell surface. In all post-Golgi blocked sec mutants, Sec4p is predominantly associated with(More)
We examined the immunoreactivity of ubiquitin-binding protein p62 and its association with ubiquitin (Ub), alpha-synuclein, and paired helical filament (PHF)-tau in the affected brain areas of human tauopathies and synucleinopathies. Ubiquitin-binding protein p62 is a widely expressed protein that can bind to Ub noncovalently and is involved in several(More)
SEC15 function is required at a late stage of the yeast secretory pathway. Duplication of the gene encoding the ras-like, GTP-binding protein, Sec4, can suppress the partial loss of function resulting from the sec15-l mutation, but cannot suppress disruption of sec15. Analysis of the SEC15 gene predicts a hydrophilic protein product of 105 kD. Anti-Sec15(More)
Polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL; MIM 221770), also known as Nasu-Hakola disease, is a recessively inherited disease characterized by a combination of psychotic symptoms rapidly progressing to presenile dementia and bone cysts restricted to wrists and ankles. PLOSL has a global distribution, although most(More)
Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a crucial regulator of energy metabolic homeostasis and thus a major survival factor in a variety of metabolic stresses and also in the aging process. Metabolic syndrome is associated with a low-grade, chronic inflammation, primarily in adipose tissue. A low-level of inflammation is also present in(More)
Efficient control of energy metabolic homeostasis, enhanced stress resistance, and qualified cellular housekeeping are the hallmarks of improved healthspan and extended lifespan. AMPK signaling is involved in the regulation of all these characteristics via an integrated signaling network. Many studies with lower organisms have revealed that increased AMPK(More)
The major hallmark of cellular senescence is an irreversible cell cycle arrest and thus it is a potent tumor suppressor mechanism. Genotoxic insults, e.g. oxidative stress, are important inducers of the senescent phenotype which is characterized by an accumulation of senescence-associated heterochromatic foci (SAHF) and DNA segments with chromatin(More)
Celastrol, a quinone methide triterpene, is a pharmacologically active compound present in Thunder God Vine root extracts used as a remedy of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis. Celastrol is one of the most promising medicinal molecules isolated from the plant extracts of traditional medicines. Molecular studies have identified(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a late-onset, neurodegenerative retinal disease that shares several clinical and pathological features with Alzheimer's disease (AD), including stress stimuli such as oxidative stress and inflammation. In both diseases, the detrimental intra- and extracellular deposits have many similarities. Aging,(More)