Antônio Carlos Pires Carvalho

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fractional anisotropy values of several white matter tracts with the aim of differentiating a healthy population from persons with mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Seventy-nine patients with memory impairment and 16 volunteer controls participated in the study.(More)
Intracellular calcium homeostasis is important for cell survival. However, increase in mitochondrial calcium (Ca2+m) induces opening of permeability transition pore (PTP), mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis. Since alterations of intracellular Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation are involved in cell death, they might be involved in(More)
Throughout the first years of the twenty-first century, neurotechnologies such as motor cortex stimulation (MCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have attracted scientific attention and been considered as potential tools to centrally modulate chronic pain, especially for those conditions more(More)
Simultaneous bilateral avulsion fracture of the tibial tuberosity in teenagers is a rare lesion. We describe the first case in the literature, in a teenage girl who sustained a fall while jumping during a volleyball match. No predisposing factors were iden tified. The lesions were treated with open surgical reduction and internal fixation. The aim of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between two year PSA nadir (PSAn) after brachytherapy and biochemical recurrence rates in prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS In the period from January 1998 to August 2007, 120 patients were treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy alone. The results analysis was based on the definition of biochemical(More)
Due to the increasing use of the cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) method and the frequent implementation of such method in new services, we describe herein, in a step-by-step format, the acquisition techniques that are necessary for a complete cardiac approach, of the main anatomical planes of the heart used by CMR.
The recent development of high-frequency ultrasound, associated with the improved sensitivity in color Doppler, enabled the identification of various skin structures and layers. In basal cell carcinoma, the 22 MHz frequency ultrasound permits the delimitation of tumor margins, while color Doppler, determines its vascularization. We present two cases in(More)
This research aims to examine the presence of osteophyte in patients with arthrogenic temporomandibular disorders through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); to investigate the influence of sex and clinical symptoms in its prevalence; and the position of the osteophytes in the condyle. The study was based on 100 MRI and on reports of patients, which(More)
Ultrasonography is a method of imaging that classically is used in dermatology to study changes in the hypoderma, as nodules and infectious and inflammatory processes. The introduction of high frequency and resolution equipments enabled the observation of superficial structures, allowing differentiation between skin layers and providing details for the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop, validate, and patent a Restraining Device for Small Animal Imaging Exams (RDSAIE) that allows exams to be comfortably conducted without risks to animals and professionals. METHODS A RDSAIE with a mobile cover and shelf was built with transparent acrylic material. A total of six anesthetized rabbits were used to perform the following(More)