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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical findings and colonic transit time in adolescents with chronic functional constipation. METHODS Forty-eight consecutive adolescents with chronic functional constipation referred to the Gastroenterology Service at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil were studied. Clinical parameters were assessed using a(More)
CONTEXT Upper gastrointestinal bleeding associated to esophageal varices is the most dramatic complication of cirrhosis. It is recommended screening every cirrhotic for esophageal varices with endoscopy. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the capacity of the platelet count/spleen diameter ratio in non-invasively predicting esophageal varices in a population of(More)
BACKGROUND Transjugular liver biopsy is an alternative procedure for patients who present contraindications to standard percutaneous procedure. AIM To compare the rate of histological diagnosis obtained on transjugular liver biopsy with an automated trucut needle and with a modified Ross needle. PATIENTS / METHOD: Eighty-five patients with suspicion of(More)
The authors report the case of an elderly woman assessed for dyspnea and right costal margin pain, whose chest radiography demonstrated opacity simulating pulmonary lesion, and computed tomography revealed the vascular origin of the condition. Acute aortic syndrome due to ruptured atheromatous plaque penetrating through the elastic lamina in association(More)
Malignant colon neoplasm is the third cause of death for cancer in the United States of America. Many of such deaths could be avoided with the introduction of an effective screening schedule (1). The ideal screening test is the one that allows for an early diagnosis and, consequently the management of the disease at its early stages. The effectiveness of a(More)
Introduction Voice modification after swallowing may indicate changes in the transit of the bolus. Objective The aim of this study is to verify the use of perceptual voice analysis to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia. Study Design Case series. Methods Twenty-seven patients with dysphagia as diagnosed by videofluoroscopy and 25 without were evaluated. The(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. Imaging techniques, specially computed tomography and ultrasound, are among the most useful diagnostic tools, although the accuracy of these methods may have a significant variability. AIMS To determine the prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients(More)
PURPOSE This work aimed at introducing the transjugular liver biopsy technique oriented by radiologic methods in our hospitals. This technique is indicated for obtaining histopathologic diagnosis in patients clinically and laboratory suspected of having chronic liver disease with contraindications to percutaneous liver biopsy. METHODS Liver biopsy was(More)
Core needle biopsy represents a safe and cheap alternative diagnostic method to open biopsy and fine-needle aspiration cytology in head and neck tumors. There is little evidence in the literature about the use of core needle biopsy in minor salivary gland lesions. This single case report presents a 60-year-old woman with a painless swelling in the soft(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the accuracy of clinical evaluation of swallowing in a sample of children with laryngomalacia or glossoptosis and describe the prevalence of dysphagia in each of these diseases, as well as characterize the swallow response to speech and language therapy interventions. STUDY DESIGN Children aged 1 month to 11 years receiving care(More)