Antônio B. Anderson

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A detailed retrospective analysis was made of the records of 486 preterm infants, who accounted for 5-1% of all births during 1973 and 1974. Whereas preterm delivery did not contribute to perinatal mortality in terms of stillbirth, it outweighed all other causes in terms of early neonatal deaths. Preterm birth was responsible for 85% of the early neonatal(More)
Peripheral plasma levels of oxytocin were determined in women during pregnancy and labour. There was a significant increase in maternal plasma oxytocin with advancing gestation but no significant change in levels at any stage of labour. Oxytocin concentrations in umbilical cord plasma were measured after spontaneous vaginal delivery and at elective(More)
Endometrium and myometrium were collected at hysterectomy from 42 women with measured menstrual blood loss (range 4-840 ml). The specimens, obtained throughout the menstrual cycle, showed no evidence of organic disease on histological examination. The volume fraction occupied by arteries at the myometrial-endometrial junction, and by glandular tissue(More)
Patients with a history of two or more pregnancies which ended spontaneously before 37 weeks gestation had an increased risk of spontaneous pre-term labour and delivery in future pregnancies. This increased risk related mainly to previous second trimester abortions and not to previous first trimester abortions. Patients with one previous spontaneous(More)
Thirty-four patients using intrauterine contraceptive devices and experiencing excessive menstrual bleeding (more than 80 ml average loss for 2 cycles) were treated with the prostaglandin synthetase inhibitor naproxen. The trial was conducted according to a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design. Each patient received 2 of 3 treatments: naproxen(More)
11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD, E.C.1.1.1.146) activity has been measured in samples of decidua, choriodecidua, and chorion obtained from five sets of dichorionic twins, with radiolabeled cortisol and cortisone used as substrates. 11 beta-HSD activity was significantly higher in the decidua than in the choriodecidua, in both the oxidative(More)
Progesterone, 17 alpha, 20 alpha-dihydroxypregn-4-en-3-one, androstenedione, total unconjugated oestrogen and oestrone sulphate have been measured by radioimmunoassays in maternal utero-ovarian venous, maternal peripheral venous and/or foetal posterior vena caval plasma from six sheep bearing bilaterally adrenalectomized lambs, in which premature(More)
Peripheral plasma levels of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F (PGFM) were determined in women during pregnancy and in term and preterm labour. The PGFM concentrations at term were not significantly different from the levels between 26 and 34 weeks gestation. In both term and preterm labour there was a rise in PGFM levels with increasing cervical(More)
The roles of fetal adrenal hormones, of maternal oestrogen and progesterone concentrations, and of uterine prostaglandin synthesis are considered in relation to the onset of human labour. Evidence that the fetal adrenal may be involved in the onset of labour is discussed with particular reference to both cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate. Towards(More)