Antônio Alberto Zambon

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We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who has the rare combination of myasthenia gravis and cervical dystonia. She was treated with botulinum toxin type A with good response and no evidence of deterioration of the myasthenic symptoms. We therefore conclude that it is possible to use botulinum toxin in the presence of defective neuromuscular transmission.
DISCUSSION Cavernoma is a benign tumor and it is considered a dysplasia of the vessels-forming mesoderm. Cavernous hemangiomas in the vertebral, extradural, intradural extramedullary and intramedullary spaces are responsible for 3 to 16% of spinal vascular anomalies. Extradural cavernous hemangioma represent 4% of all spinal epidural lesions. Modern(More)
Ten patients from 7 to 12 years of age presented generalized acquired myasthenia gravis: six had a severe form and four a moderate one. All patients showed progressive worsening and poor response to the medical treatment; all of them were submitted to thymectomy by median sternotomy. Long-term results were beneficial for 60% of the patients who experimented(More)
We evaluated the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and therapeutical aspects of 41 patients with thymomatous myasthenia gravis. Thirty five patients (85.36%) were submitted to thymectomy. Follow-up ranged from two to 18 years. Diagnosis of thymoma was based upon clinical investigations and CT scan of the anterior mediastinum and in 11 patients supported(More)
Autoimmune encephalitis related to antibodies against neuronal cell surface and synaptic proteins is a new category of disorders in which the targets are well-known proteins and receptors involved in synaptic transmission and neuronal excitability. GABAA receptor is one of the latest identified antigens within this category. Hightiter serum and CSF GABAA(More)
In a group of 304 myasthenic patients 15 cases with thyropathies were reported: nine with hyperthyroidism, one with hypothyroidism and five with nontoxic goiter. Four patients presented diffuse simple goiter and one a multinodular goiter with normal thyroid function. No patient came from an endemic goiter region, not even familial goiter. The prevalence and(More)
The results of thymectomy in 282 patients with acquired and generalised myasthenia gravis are presented. The study includes patients submitted to surgical treatment in the period between 1958 and 1990. Remission or marked improvement was obtained in 70% of the patients with follow-up extending from one to 25 years. The total post-operative mortality rate(More)