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In a group of 304 myasthenic patients 15 cases with thyropathies were reported: nine with hyperthyroidism, one with hypothyroidism and five with nontoxic goiter. Four patients presented diffuse simple goiter and one a multinodular goiter with normal thyroid function. No patient came from an endemic goiter region, not even familial goiter. The prevalence and(More)
Autoimmune encephalitis related to antibodies against neuronal cell surface and synaptic proteins is a new category of disorders in which the targets are well-known proteins and receptors involved in synaptic transmission and neuronal excitability. GABA A receptor is one of the latest identified antigens within this category. 1 High-titer serum and CSF GABA(More)
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who has the rare combination of myasthenia gravis and cervical dystonia. She was treated with botulinum toxin type A with good response and no evidence of deterioration of the myasthenic symptoms. We therefore conclude that it is possible to use botulinum toxin in the presence of defective neuromuscular transmission.
721 Letters DISCUSSION Cavernoma is a benign tumor and it is considered a dysplasia of the vessels-forming mesoderm 4. Cavernous hemangiomas in the vertebral, extradural, intradural ex-tramedullary and intramedullary spaces are responsible for 3 to 16% of spinal vascular anomalies 4,5. Extradural cavernous hemangioma represent 4% of all spinal epidural(More)
A 40-year-old male patient with progressive dementia presented adversive seizures, and CT scan showed an enlarging focal mass lesion in the right cerebral hemisphere. Cerebrospinal fluid examination and brain biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of neurosyphilis. After a course of penicillin therapy there was disappearance of the cerebral mass lesion and the CT(More)
Thymectomy is considered to be an important method for the treatment of myasthenia gravis in older patients when the improvement cannot be achieved with the use certain drugs such as anticholinesterasic, corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents. In our series of 281 thymectomized patients, 13 were male and 8 female, varying their age between 50 and 73(More)