António José Santos-Silva

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Vascular smooth muscle tone is controlled by a balance between the cellular signaling pathways that mediate the generation of force (vasoconstriction) and release of force (vasodilation). The initiation of force is associated with increases in intracellular calcium concentrations, activation of myosin light-chain kinase, increases in the phosphorylation of(More)
Cyclic nucleotides (cAMP and cGMP) are the main second messengers linked to vasodilatation. They are synthesized by cyclases and degraded by different types of phosphodiesterases (PDE). The effect of PDE inhibition and cyclases stimulation on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; 1 microM) and histamine (10 microM) contracted arteries was analysed. Stimulation of(More)
Recent studies have shown that testosterone induces relaxation of different arteries, although the mechanism of this action is still under debate. We investigated the involvement of potassium channels in this mechanism. Using standard organ bath techniques, rings of human umbilical arteries (HUA) without endothelium were contracted by serotonin (5-HT, 1(More)
AIM The sex hormones 17β-estradiol (βES) and progesterone (PRG) induce rapid non-genomic vasodilator effects which could be protective for the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to analyze the mechanisms underlying their vasodilator effect in rat aortic smooth muscle preparations. METHODS Endothelium-denuded aorta artery rings were(More)
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