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Members of the Hedgehog (Hh) family of secreted proteins have been identified recently as key signaling molecules that regulate a variety of inductive interactions central to the development of both Drosophila and vertebrates. Despite their widespread importance, the way in which Hh signals are transduced inside the cell remains poorly understood. The best(More)
BACKGROUND The adhesion of two epithelial sheets is a fundamental process that occurs throughout embryogenesis and during wound repair. Sealing of the dorsal epidermis along the midline of the Drosophila embryo provides a genetically tractable model to analyse the closure of such holes. Several studies indicate that the actin cytoskeleton plays a critical(More)
Epithelial morphogenesis depends on coordinated changes in cell shape, a process that is still poorly understood. During zebrafish epiboly and Drosophila dorsal closure, cell-shape changes at the epithelial margin are of critical importance. Here evidence is provided for a conserved mechanism of local actin and myosin 2 recruitment during theses events. It(More)
The capacity to repair a wound is a fundamental survival mechanism that is activated at any site of damage throughout embryonic and adult life. To study the cell biology and genetics of this process, we have developed a wounding model in Drosophila melanogaster embryos that allows live imaging of rearrangements and changes in cell shape, and of the(More)
Wound healing is an essential biological process that comprises sequential steps aimed at restoring the architecture and function of damaged cells and tissues. This process begins with conserved damage signals, such as Ca(2+), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ATP, that diffuse through epithelial tissues and initiate immediate gene transcription-independent(More)
Throughout development a series of epithelial bendings, sweepings, and fusions occur that collectively give shape to the embryo. These morphogenetic movements are driven by coordinated assembly and contraction of the actomyosin cytoskeleton in restricted populations of epithelial cells. One well-studied example of such a morphogenetic episode is dorsal(More)
Aa robust inflammatory response to tissue damage and infection is conserved across almost all animal phyla. Neutrophils and macrophages, or their equivalents, are drawn to the wound site where they engulf cell and matrix debris and release signals that direct components of the repair process. This orchestrated cell migration is clinically important, and(More)
Drosophila melanogaster hemocytes are highly motile macrophage-like cells that undergo a stereotypic pattern of migration to populate the whole embryo by late embryogenesis. We demonstrate that the migratory patterns of hemocytes at the embryonic ventral midline are orchestrated by chemotactic signals from the PDGF/VEGF ligands Pvf2 and -3 and that these(More)
Dorsal closure is a morphogenetic process involving the coordinated convergence of two epithelial sheets to enclose the Drosophila melanogaster embryo. Specialized populations of cells at the edges of each epithelial sheet, the dorsal-most epidermal cells, emit actin-based processes that are essential for the proper enclosure of the embryo. Here we show(More)
Throughout development, a series of epithelial movements and fusions occur that collectively shape the embryo. They are dependent on coordinated reorganizations and contractions of the actin cytoskeleton within defined populations of epithelial cells. One paradigm morphogenetic movement, dorsal closure in the Drosophila embryo, involves closure of a dorsal(More)