António Gonçalves-Ferreira

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The main goal of this work was to study the stereotactic anatomy of the human locus coeruleus (LC), important relay of adrenergic and dopaminergic human brainstem (HB) circuitry, to allow its easy localization on MRI and in microsurgical procedures. Forty LC were studied from 20 adult HB of both sexes. The melanin pigmentation of its cells was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic biopsies of the brainstem (SBB) are a selected group of stereotactic operations owing to the lower incidence of brainstem lesions requiring biopsy, the greater complexity, and the higher risks of these procedures. Usually, the lower the lesion in the brainstem, the greater the risks involved. The approach of the different target(More)
The Nucleus accumbens (Acc) is the main structure of the ventral striatum. It acts as a motor-limbic interface, being involved in emotional and psychomotor functions, frequently disturbed in neuropsychiatric disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder and addiction. Most of the studies concerning the Acc were made in animals and those performed in(More)
Abstract: The anatomy of the corpus callosum has received renewed interest during recent years due to the increasing number of callosotomies performed to treat intraventricular lesions, as well as some forms of generalized epilepsy. We have previously reported on the microsurgical anatomy of the corpus callosum and identified specific anatomical reference(More)
Tricellulin is a tight junction (TJ) protein, which is not only concentrated at tricellular contacts but also present at bicellular contacts between epithelial tissues. We scrutinized the brain for tricellulin expression in endothelial and neural cells by using real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunohistochemical and immunocytochemical(More)
OBJECT The removal of mesial temporal structures, namely amygdalohippocampectomy, is the most efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of epilepsy. However, disconnection of the epileptogenic zones, as in temporal lobotomy or, for different purposes, hemispherotomy, have shown equivalent results with less morbidity. Thus, authors of the present study(More)
The stereotactic transcerebellar (suboccipital) approach to the brainstem is one of the most accessible routes to reach targets located in the pons or in the medulla oblongata. Its use requires a perfect knowledge of the stereotactic anatomy of the posterior cranial fossa, and a standard reference system related to structures of the brainstem itself which(More)
Four different approach routes have been used to perform the selective amygdalohippocampectomy for the surgical treatment of epilepsy: transcortical through the middle T2 gyrus [1], translyvian through the deep sylvian fissure, transcortical subpial through the anterior T1 gyrus [2] and transcortical through the first temporal sulcus [3]. The choice between(More)
INTRODUCTION The nucleus accumbens (Acc) is a basal forebrain structure integrated in the dopaminergic cerebral rewarding circuits and implicated in some neuropsychiatric disorders. It has become a target for deep brain stimulation for some of these disorders when refractory to medical treatment. However, it is controversial as to which target is the best(More)
OBJECTIVE The human nucleus accumbens (Acc) has become a target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in some neuropsychiatric disorders. Nonetheless, even with the most recent advances in neuroimaging it remains difficult to accurately delineate the Acc and closely related subcortical structures, by conventional MRI sequences. It is our purpose to perform a MRI(More)