António Fonseca

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Carbon nanotubes focus the attention of many scientists because of their huge potential of industrial applications, but there is a paucity of information on the toxicological properties of this material. The aim of this experimental study was to characterize the biological reactivity of purified multi-wall carbon nanotubes in the rat lung and in vitro.(More)
Experimental studies indicate that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have the potential to induce adverse pulmonary effects, including alveolitis, fibrosis, and genotoxicity in epithelial cells. Here, we explored the physicochemical determinants of these toxic responses with progressively and selectively modified CNTs: ground multiwall CNTs modified by heating at 600(More)
In the last years many routing protocols proposals have been made considering the particular VANET characteristics. From the many proposals that came up, the protocols based on the vehicles positions were found to be the most adequate to VANETs due to their resilience to handling the nodes position variation. In this study we will survey the existing(More)
The effects of supplementation with rapeseed, sunflower, and linseed oils (0.5 kg/d; good sources of oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids, respectively) on milk responses and milk fat fatty acid (FA) profile, with special emphasis on rumen-derived biohydrogenation intermediates (BI), were evaluated in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square study using 16 grazing(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the frequency and pattern of presentation of uveitis as the first clinical manifestation to prompt diagnostic evaluation in patients with spondyloarthropathies (SpA). METHODS Patients with uveitis were attended simultaneously by ophthalmologists and rheumatologists in our Uveitis Clinic between June 1997 and October 2000. An(More)
Feed intake and milk production responses to N supplementation of corn silage-based diets were measured in three 3 x 3 Latin square experiments. In each experiment, 9 Holstein cows received total mixed rations (TMR), based on corn silage. In Exp. 1, midlactation cows were used to study effects of diets with different ratios of effective rumen-degradable(More)
Direct transesterification (DT) and solvent extraction with acid or basic derivatization procedure for fatty acid (FA) analysis in herbage were compared. The highest total FA, alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid contents were obtained with DT. However, DT also produced the highest amount of interfering compounds, identified as phytadienes and sugar derivative(More)
This study characterized the mineral composition of 15 common Portuguese seaweed (green, brown, and red) species. Total measured mineral content ranged from 10.9 g kg−1 dry matter (DM) in Gracilaria vermiculophylla to 71.0 g kg−1 DM in Codium adhaerens, calcium being the mineral generally found in higher amounts. Overall, the results suggest that seaweeds(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) currently attract intense research efforts because of their unique properties which make them suitable for many industrial applications. When inhaled, CNTs constitute a possible hazard to human health. Several studies have shown that when instilled in the lung of experimental animals, CNTs induced an inflammatory and fibrotic(More)