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Botr yosphaeria stevensii frequently has been associated with dieback and canker diseases of oak, mainly in the western Mediterranean area but more rarely in other regions. The species concept of B. stevensii has been unclear, and it is possible that some collections were identified incorrectly. A collection of fungal strains isolated from diseased oak(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence and molecular diversity of beta-lactamase genes and integrons among Gram-negative ampicillin-resistant bacteria from Ria de Aveiro. Ampicillin-resistant isolates were selected and subjected to genotyping using REP-PCR. Representatives from each REP pattern were affiliated with the following taxa by(More)
PCR-based methods of fingerprinting take advantage of the presence of repetitive sequences that are interspersed throughout the genome of diverse bacterial species. They include the repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) sequence, the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence (ERIC) and the 154-bp BOX element. The combination of the three(More)
Botryosphaeria sarmentorum sp. nov. and B. iberica sp. nov. are described and illustrated. These two species are unusual in this genus because of their brown, 1-septate ascospores. Phylogenetic analysis based on ITS and EF1-alpha sequences place them within the clade containing species with Fusicoccum anamorphs. The brown, 1-septate conidia, however, do not(More)
The polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify a rDNA fragment containing the internal transcribed spacers (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) and the D1/D2 variable domains of the 28S rDNA from 10 species of the genus Botryosphaeria (Fungi, Ascomycota). Restriction analysis of the amplicons with frequent-cutting endonucleases (amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis)(More)
The fingerprinting methods referred to as MSP-PCR (microsatellite-primed polymerase chain reaction) and rep-PCR (repetitive-sequence-based polymerase chain reaction) were used to discriminate between species of Botryosphaeriaceae (Fungi, Ascomycota). Several primers were tested with both methods and each primer enabled clear differentiation of all the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine antibiotic resistance (AR) dissemination in coastal water, considering the contribution of different sources of fecal contamination. Samples were collected in Berlenga, an uninhabited island classified as Natural Reserve and visited by tourists for aquatic recreational activities. To achieve our aim, AR in Escherichia(More)
An endophytic actinobacterial strain RZ36T, isolated from roots of the salt-marsh plant Halimione portulacoides, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that this strain belonged to the genus Microbacterium. The closest phylogenetic relative was Microbacterium hominis DSM 12509T, with a pairwise 16S(More)
It is well known that water constitutes an important contamination route for microorganisms. This is especially true for Aeromonas which are widespread in untreated and treated waters. In this study, Portuguese untreated waters not regularly monitored were screened for the presence and diversity of aeromonads. A total of 206 isolates were discriminated by(More)
A potentially new thermotolerant B. licheniformis strain (code name I89), producer of an antibiotic active against Gram-positive bacteria, was genetically characterized and compared with the type strain B. licheniformis ATCC 10716, producer of bacitracin. Studies on DNA base composition (G + C content) and DNA reassociation revealed that the two strains(More)