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The renin-angiotensin system may be involved in hypertension induced by adenosine receptors blockade with 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulfophenylxanthine (DPSPX). Contractions of the mesenteric vasculature to angiotensin II, noradrenaline and potassium chloride were studied in DPSPX-induced hypertension. Male Wistar rats received infusions of saline or DPSPX (90 microg(More)
The endogenous pain control system is composed of multiple functionally distinct brain regions, which are thought to integrate nociceptive information with various brain functions. The clear involvement of some pain control centres in cardiovascular modulation has been claimed as a strong indication of their role in nociceptive-cardiovascular integration.(More)
The effects of superoxide dismutase (S.O.D.) in two models of chemical denervation induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) were studied. To evaluate the effects of S.O.D. on in vitro 6-OHDA-induced denervation, fragments of the lateral saphenous veins of mongrel dogs were pre-incubated in oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit solution with or without S.O.D. and then(More)
The effect of lesioning the lateral portion of the caudal ventrolateral medullary reticular formation (VLMIat) on the noxious-evoked expression of the c-fos proto-oncogene in spinal neurons, was studied in short-term hypertensive rats. Occlusion of the renal artery for 96 h in unlesioned animals induced a 52% increase in blood pressure (BP) and a 66%(More)
Statins are the most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of dyslipidemia. They are also recommended in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition to decreasing cholesterol synthesis, statins interfere with the synthesis of isoprenoid intermediates, which may explain many of their pleiotropic properties, including their(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains one of the most serious challenges in the care of the very preterm infants, affecting approximately one-quarter of infants born < 1500g birth weight and 30% < 1000g. Oxygen toxicity may contribute to its pathogenesis. Vitamin A concentrations are lower in BPD infants which may result in a reduction of the antioxidant(More)
The continuous infusion for 7 days of the adenosine receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulfophenylxanthine (DPSPX) causes a sustained hypertension in rats, with an enhancement of sympathetic neurotransmission and activation of the renin-angiotensin system. We studied the involvement of the caudal ventrolateral medulla in the establishment of this(More)
Nociceptive transmission from the spinal cord is controlled by supraspinal pain modulating systems that include the caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM). The neuropeptide angiotensin II (Ang II) has multiple effects in the CNS and at the medulla oblongata. Here we evaluated the expression of angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptors in spinally-projecting CVLM(More)
1. The present paper reports changes in the urinary excretion of dopamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and amine metabolites in nitric oxide deprived hypertensive rats during long-term administration of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity in renal tissues and the ability of newly-formed dopamine to leave(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and increased renal medullary hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ) contribute to hypertension. We examined whether H(2) O(2) mediated hypertension and intrarenal RAS activation induced by angiotensin II (Ang II). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Ang II (200 ng·kg(-1) ·min(-1) ) or saline(More)