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1. The study was undertaken to compare the beta-adrenoceptor-mediated facilitation of noradrenaline release in the tail artery of vehicle-treated rats and of rats rendered hypertensive by chronic administration of 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulphophenylxanthine (DPSPX). Artery rings were loaded with [3H]-noradrenaline, and five periods of electrical stimulation (1 Hz(More)
A comparison was made of the influence of candesartan, ZD7155, losartan and eprosartan on angiotensin II effects at pre- and postjunctional AT1 receptors of the rat tail artery. To study the anti-angiotensin II effect at prejunctional receptors, the tissues were preincubated with [3H]noradrenaline and then superfused and electrically stimulated (1 Hz, 2 ms,(More)
Sympathetic denervation of the rat heart was produced by 6-hydroxydopamine. In denervated ventricles abundant “atrial” granules were observed whereas in controls no such granules were seen. Denervated ventricles and atria showed a very high content of atrial natriuretic peptide-like immunoreactivity (> 10 times higher than in control animals). We suggest(More)
1. Long-term treatment of rats with 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulphophenylxanthine (DPSPX), a non-selective antagonist of adenosine receptors, causes a hypertensive state. 2. In DPSPX-hypertensive rats, prejunctional alpha 2-adrenoceptors become supersensitive to the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist UK-14,304, while postjunctional adrenoceptor-mediated responses(More)
Adenosine has been shown recently to be the main factor responsible for the trophic effects of sympathetic innervation. As sympathetic denervation causes hypertrophic and hyperplastic changes reminiscent of those occurring in blood vessels of spontaneously hypertensive rats, we decided to study the effect of a continuous blockade of adenosine receptors on(More)
The renin-angiotensin system may be involved in hypertension induced by adenosine receptors blockade with 1,3-dipropyl-8-sulfophenylxanthine (DPSPX). Contractions of the mesenteric vasculature to angiotensin II, noradrenaline and potassium chloride were studied in DPSPX-induced hypertension. Male Wistar rats received infusions of saline or DPSPX (90 microg(More)
1. The present paper reports changes in the urinary excretion of dopamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and amine metabolites in nitric oxide deprived hypertensive rats during long-term administration of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity in renal tissues and the ability of newly-formed dopamine to leave(More)
Surgical denervation of the lateral saphenous vein of the dog causes marked extraneuronal changes, both of a morphological and functional type. In an attempt to investigate the factor(s) responsible for the trophic effects exerted by the sympathetic innervation on the dog saphenous vein we studied the effects of noradrenaline, adenosine, inosine and(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoxins (LXs) are proresolving and anti-inflammatory eicosanoids whose role in chronic heart failure (CHF) pathogenesis has never been investigated. This study evaluated levels of LXs in CHF patients, its relationship with disease severity and correlation with established CHF biomarkers. The effect of low-dose aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid(More)