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Changes in retinal vessel diameter are an important sign of diseases such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis and diabetes mellitus. Obtaining precise measurements of vascular widths is a critical and demanding process in automated retinal image analysis as the typical vessel is only a few pixels wide. This paper presents an algorithm to measure the vessel(More)
Reliable and efficient optic disk localization and segmentation are important tasks in automated retinal screening. General-purpose edge detection algorithms often fail to segment the optic disk due to fuzzy boundaries, inconsistent image contrast or missing edge features. This paper presents an algorithm for the localization and segmentation of the optic(More)
This paper introduces an algorithm for the automated diagnosis of referable maculopathy in retinal images for diabetic retinopathy screening. Referable maculopathy is a potentially sight-threatening condition requiring immediate referral to an ophthalmologist from the screening service, and therefore accurate referral is extremely important. The algorithm(More)
Erection is a neurovascular event that involves spinal and supra spinal pathways. The final common pathway involves the release of nitric oxide (NO) from both endothelial cells and neurons, which acts as a vasodilator causing penile engorgement and erection. NO is degraded by the enzyme phosphodiesterase (PDE) type 5 in the penis. Erectile dysfunction (ED),(More)
An overall hospital mortality rate of 3.9% was found in 929 episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis treated in single centre over a 21-year period. The mortality rate in the first half of the survey (4.4%) was not significantly different from that in the second half of the survey (3.4%). Six deaths in patients under 50 years of age occurred in the first half, but(More)
AIMS The National Screening Committee (NSC), whilst recommending the use of digital mydriatic retinal photography for diabetic retinopathy screening, has not yet accepted the use of digitally compressed images for grading. By greatly reducing the file size, however, compression of images is invaluable for storage and for its rapid transmission across(More)
  • Ansu Basu
  • 2006
Digital colour retinal photography is a useful modality for diabetic retinopathy screening. Unlike film photography, the size of the image depends on the resolution of the acquired image. With the availability of high-resolution digital cameras, larger images requiring greater storage-memory will inevitably be generated. Image compression may then be(More)
This paper introduces an algorithm for the automated assessment of retinal fundus image quality grade. Retinal image quality grading assesses whether the quality of the image is sufficient to allow diagnostic procedures to be applied. Automated quality analysis is an important preprocessing step in algorithmic diagnosis, as it is necessary to ensure that(More)