Anson F Davis

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Biochemical and genetic studies indicate that synaptotagmin I functions as a Ca2+ sensor during synaptic vesicle exocytosis and as a membrane receptor for the clathrin adaptor complex, AP-2, during endocytosis. These functions involve the interaction of two conserved domains, C2A and C2B, with effector proteins. The C2B domain mediates Ca2+-triggered(More)
The synaptic vesicle protein synaptotagmin I binds Ca2+ and is required for efficient neurotransmitter release. Here, we measure the response time of the C2 domains of synaptotagmin to determine whether synaptotagmin is fast enough to function as a Ca2+ sensor for rapid exocytosis. We report that synaptotagmin is "tuned" to sense Ca2+ concentrations that(More)
GABAA receptors, along with the receptors for acetylcholine, glycine, and serotonin, are members of a ligand-gated ion channel superfamily (Ortells and Lunt, 1995). Because of the paucity of crystallographic information for these ligand-gated channels, little is known about the structure of their binding sites or how agonist binding is transduced into(More)
Synaptotagmin 1 binds Ca2+ and membranes via its C2A-domain and plays an essential role in excitation-secretion coupling. In this study, we sought to identify Ca2+- and membrane-induced local conformational changes in the C2A-domain of synaptotagmin and to delineate the C2A-lipid binding interface. To address these questions native phenylalanine residues(More)
Nearly all of the known activities required for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and expression are nuclear-encoded gene products, necessitating communication between these two physically distinct intracellular compartments. A significant amount of both general and specific biochemical information about mtDNA replication in mammalian cells has been(More)
The influence of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), methylcellulose (MC), polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) and polyethylene glycol (PEG400) on the crystallization of hydrocortisone acetate (HA) was studied. Supersaturation was created by the cosolvent technique. Spontaneous nucleation was observed when no polymer was used as the additive. In the presence of(More)
Permeation of hydrocortisone acetate (HA) from supersaturated solutions was studied across a model silicone membrane. Supersaturated solutions were prepared using the cosolvent technique with propylene glycol and water (or aqueous polymer solutions) as the cosolvents. In the absence of the polymer, the flux of HA was similar at all degrees of saturation and(More)
A systematic investigation on the influence of two cellulose polymers, methyl cellulose (MC) and hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPMC) on supersaturation and permeation of hydrocortisone acetate (HA) is reported. Diffusion of HA from a 0.5% Carbopol gel across a model silicone membrane was investigated using the Franz-cell technique. At constant polymer(More)
Mitochondria are essential organelles in all eukaryotic cells where cellular ATP is generated through the process of oxidative phosphorylation. Protein components of the respiratory assembly are gene products of both mitochondrial and nuclear genes. The mitochondrial genome itself encodes several protein and nucleic acid components required for such(More)
The aim of this paper is to prepare and stabilise, in situ, colloidal microsuspensions of triclosan using the polymer, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC). The suspensions were prepared from supersaturated solutions of triclosan. The cosolvent technique was used to create supersaturation. Propylene glycol and water were used as the cosolvents. The(More)