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MyoD is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor involved in the activation of genes encoding skeletal muscle-specific proteins. Independent of its ability to transactivate muscle-specific genes, MyoD can also act as a cell cycle inhibitor. MyoD activity is regulated by transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. While MyoD can be found(More)
Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is a member of the immediate early gene family, which is expressed in mitogen-stimulated quiescent fibroblasts. The biological effects of CSF-1 are multifaceted and include stimulation of the proliferation and differentiation of myeloid progenitors and activity of circulating monocytes and tissue-specific macrophages.(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans expresses five family members of the translation initiation factor eIF4E whose individual physiological roles are only partially understood. We report a specific role for IFE-2 in a conserved temperature-sensitive meiotic process. ife-2 deletion mutants have severe temperature-sensitive chromosome-segregation defects. Mutant germ(More)
reeclampsia is a gestation-specific syndrome with a high incidence of mother and infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. 1 For years, the diagnosis has been made solely by the detection of sudden-onset hypertension and protein-uria. Despite intensive research efforts, current strategies for managing preeclampsia are inadequate and limited to symptomatic(More)
The MAPK-interacting kinases 1 and 2 (MNK1 and MNK2) are activated by extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) or p38 in response to cellular stress and extracellular stimuli that include growth factors, cytokines, and hormones. Modulation of MNK activity affects translation of mRNAs involved in the cell cycle, cancer progression, and cell(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that regulates multicellular functions through interactions with its receptors on cell surfaces. S1P is enriched and stored in erythrocytes; however, it is not clear whether alterations in S1P are involved in the prevalent and debilitating hemolytic disorder sickle cell disease (SCD). Here, using(More)
Hypoxia confers resistance to chemoradiation therapy and promotes metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). We investigated the effects of hypoxia in tumor phenotype using immunocompetent murine HNSCC models. Balb/c mice were injected intraorally with murine squamous cell carcinoma cells LY-2 and B4B8. Intratumoral hypoxia fraction was(More)
Erythrocyte possesses high sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) activity and is the major cell type supplying plasma sphingosine-1-phosphate, a signaling lipid regulating multiple physiological and pathological functions. Recent studies revealed that erythrocyte SphK1 activity is upregulated in sickle cell disease (SCD) and contributes to sickling and disease(More)
Research in our laboratory is aimed at understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms that govern colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) gene expression. Our hypothesis is that a basal set of trans-acting factors is bound to the CSF-1 gene during fibroblast proliferation, resulting in constitutive CSF-1 gene expression. Modulation of CSF-1 gene(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive signalling lipid highly enriched in mature erythrocytes, with unknown functions pertaining to erythrocyte physiology. Here by employing nonbiased high-throughput metabolomic profiling, we show that erythrocyte S1P levels rapidly increase in 21 healthy lowland volunteers at 5,260 m altitude on day 1 and continue(More)