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Multiple copies of the mitochondrial genome in eukaryotic cells are organized into protein-DNA complexes called nucleoids. Mitochondrial genome repair mechanisms have been reported, but they are less well characterized than their nuclear counterparts. To expand our knowledge of mitochondrial genome maintenance, we have studied the localization of the BRCA1(More)
The specialized epithelium covering the lymphoid follicles of Peyer's patches in the gut mediates transcytosis of antigens to the underlying immune cells, mainly through the membranous, or M, cells. At present, the molecular processes involved in the mucosal immune response, and in antigen transport across the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) and M(More)
Mast cells are immune cells that produce and secrete a variety of mediators and cytokines that influence various inflammatory and immune processes. Leptin is a cytokine regulating metabolic, endocrine as well as immune functions via the leptin receptor which is expressed by many immune cells. However, there are no data about leptin receptor expression in(More)
Dysregulated apoptotic cell death contributes to many pathological conditions, including sepsis, prompting the suggestion that caspase inhibition to block apoptosis could have useful therapeutic applications. Because the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF, also known as TNF-alpha) is both pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory and is involved in septic shock,(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are ubiquitous metal-binding proteins that have been highly conserved throughout evolution. Although their physiological function is not completely understood, they are involved in diverse processes including metal homeostasis and detoxification, the oxidative stress response, inflammation, and cell proliferation. Te human MT gene(More)
PURPOSE Cell transplantation is being investigated as an alternative treatment for medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this study the fate of adult-derived neurosphere cells was evaluated after transplantation in the lesioned hippocampus of the intrahippocampal kainic acid (KA) model for TLE. METHODS Neurosphere-forming cells were(More)
Wound healing is a complex process of which growth and motility are essential features. The aim of this study was to search for keratinocyte-derived secreted factors that may play a role in these mechanisms, and their corresponding receptors. Growth and motility factors were purified from conditioned medium from cultured primary keratinocytes. Receptor and(More)
Angiogenesis has recently been described as a component of inflammatory bowel disease. Placental growth factor (PlGF), a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) homologue, establishes its angiogenic capacity under pathophysiological conditions. We investigated the function of PlGF in experimental models of acute colitis. Acute colonic damage was induced(More)
There are accumulating studies that report a neurogenic potential of bone marrow-derived cells both in vitro as well as in vivo. Most claims of neural "transdifferentiation" have based their conclusions on morphology and neural gene expression. Recently, doubts have been raised about the validity of both outcome parameters since non-neural cells can extend(More)
Studies in yeast have shown that a deficiency in Atp12p prevents assembly of the extrinsic domain (F(1)) of complex V and renders cells unable to make ATP through oxidative phosphorylation. De Meirleir et al. (De Meirleir, L., Seneca, S., Lissens, W., De Clercq, I., Eyskens, F., Gerlo, E., Smet, J., and Van Coster, R. (2004) J. Med. Genet. 41, 120-124) have(More)