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Shigella entry into epithelial cells is characterized by a transient reorganization of the host cell cytoskeleton at the site of bacterial interaction with the cell membrane, which leads to bacterial engulfment in a macropinocytic process. Using affinity chromatography on HeLa cell extracts, we show here that the hyaluronan receptor CD44 associates with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acinar cells constitute 90% of the pancreas epithelium, are polarized, and secrete digestive enzymes. These cells play a crucial role in pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. However, there are limited models to study normal acinar cell differentiation in vitro. The aim of this work was to generate and characterize purified populations of(More)
Islet transplantation as a potential treatment for diabetes has been investigated extensively over the past 10 years. Such an approach, however, will always be limited mainly because it is difficult to obtain sufficiently large numbers of purified islets from cadaveric donors. One alternative to organ or tissue transplantation is to use a renewable source(More)
A combination of immunohistochemical, biochemical, and recombinant DNA techniques were used to investigate class I expression in 26 pancreatic adenocarcinomas and 6 autologous tumor-derived cells. The prevalence of HLA losses was found to be comparable to that observed in other tumor types (> 35%), using monomorphic and locus-specific antibodies. In one(More)
Recent data suggest that p120-catenin plays a role in the regulation of functionality of E-cadherin, a protein essential for the establishment and maintenance of cell-cell contacts. Since dysfunction of intercellular adhesiveness is an alteration frequently observed in colon cancer we have studied the expression and distribution of p120-catenin in human(More)
The epigenome changes that underlie cellular differentiation in developing organisms are poorly understood. To gain insights into how pancreatic beta-cells are programmed, we profiled key histone methylations and transcripts in embryonic stem cells, multipotent progenitors of the nascent embryonic pancreas, purified beta-cells, and 10 differentiated(More)
The majority of human pancreatic adenocarcinomas display a ductal phenotype; experimental studies indicate that tumors with this phenotype can arise from both acinar and ductal cells. In normal pancreas acinar cells, the pancreas transcription factor 1 transcriptional complex is required for gene expression. Pancreas transcription factor 1 is a(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We recently demonstrated that insulin-producing cells derived from embryonic stem cells normalise hyperglycaemia in transplanted diabetic mice. The differentiation and selection procedure, however, was successful in less than 5% of the assays performed. Thus, to improve its effectiveness, new strategies have been developed, which increase(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor pancreas-specific transcription factor 1alpha (PTF1alpha)/p48 is critical for committing cells to a pancreatic fate and for the maintenance of the differentiated state in acinar cells. The aim was to analyze the ability of p48 to modulate cell proliferation, its relationship with cell(More)
Extracellular signalling cues play a major role in the activation of differentiation programmes. Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent and can differentiate into a wide variety of specialized cells. Recently, protocols designed to induce endocrine pancreatic differentiation in vitro have been designed but little information is currently available(More)