Annunziata Frattini

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Secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) are enzymes detected in serum and biological fluids of patients with various inflammatory, autoimmune and allergic disorders. Different isoforms of sPLA(2)s are expressed and released by human inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils, eosinophils, T cells, monocytes, macrophages and mast cells. sPLA(2)s generate(More)
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a membrane transporter that can switch Na(+) and Ca(2+) in either direction to maintain the homeostasis of intracellular Ca(2+). Three isoforms (NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3) have been characterized in excitable cells, e.g. neurons and muscle cells. We examined the expression of these NCX isoforms in primary human lung(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine modulates several functions in human monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. However, responses elicited by histamine differ depending on cell type, suggesting variable expression of histamine receptors in the monocyte/macrophage lineage. OBJECTIVE We sought to examine whether the expression of H(1) receptors was regulated by(More)
Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are an emerging class of mediators of inflammation. These enzymes accumulate in plasma and other biological fluids of patients with inflammatory, autoimmune and allergic diseases. sPLA(2)s are secreted at low levels in the normal airways and tend to increase during inflammatory lung diseases (e.g. bronchial asthma,(More)
Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis mediated by vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are main features of chronic inflammation and tumors. Secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) are overexpressed in inflammatory lung diseases and cancer and they activate inflammatory cells by enzymatic and receptor-mediated mechanisms. We investigated the effect of(More)
Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are enzymes released during inflammatory reactions. These molecules activate immune cells by mechanisms either related or unrelated to their enzymatic activity. We examined the signaling events activated by group IA (GIA) and group IB (GIB) sPLA(2) in human lung macrophages leading to cytokine/chemokine production.(More)
BACKGROUND Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are an emerging class of mediators of inflammation. These enzymes are released in vivo in patients with systemic inflammatory diseases and allergic disorders. sPLA(2)s may activate inflammatory cells by both enzymatic and nonenzymatic mechanisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the(More)
Monocytes are major effector cells of innate immunity and recognize several endogenous and exogenous molecules due to the expression of wide spectrum of receptors. Among them, the MHC class I-like molecule CD1d interacts with glycolipids and presents them to iNKT cells, mediating their activation. Simplexide belongs to a novel class of glycolipids isolated(More)
Benzene and its metabolites have been involved in the pathogenesis of chronic lung inflammation and allergic disorders such as bronchial asthma. However, the effects of these xenobiotics on human basophils, key cells in the development of respiratory allergy, have not been investigated. We examined the effects of hydroquinone (HQ) and benzoquinone (BQ), two(More)
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