Annukka Jouppila

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Regulated trafficking of AMPA receptors to cell surface and to synapses is an important determinant of neuronal excitability. In the present study, we have addressed the role of agonist binding and desensitization in the early trafficking of glutamate receptor-D (GluR-D) AMPA receptors. Analysis of point-mutated GluR-D receptors, via electrophysiology and(More)
Interaction of blood platelets with vascular collagen is an initiating event in haemostasis and thrombus formation. Based on molecular modelling of human integrin alpha2I domain and cell-based screening assays we have developed sulfonamide derivatives, a mechanistically novel class of molecules. These molecules show antiplatelet efficacy by selectively(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) subunits contain a approximately 400-residue extracellular N-terminal domain ("X domain"), which is sequence-related to bacterial amino acid-binding proteins and to class C G-protein-coupled receptors. The X domain has been implicated in the assembly, transport to the cell surface, allosteric ligand binding, and(More)
Previous structural and mutagenesis studies indicate that the invariant alpha-amino and alpha-carboxyl groups of glutamate receptor agonists are engaged in polar interactions with oppositely charged, conserved arginine and glutamate residues in the ligand-binding domain of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor. To examine the(More)
Renal ischemia–reperfusion predisposes to acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality. APAC, mast cell heparin proteoglycan mimetic is a potent dual antiplatelet and anticoagulant inhibiting thrombosis in several vascular models. Clinically relevant (0.06 and 0.13 mg/kg) and high (0.32 and 7.3 mg/kg) heparin doses of APAC and unfractionated heparin (UFH) were(More)
INTRODUCTION Factor XIII (FXIII) cross-links fibrin, completing blood coagulation. Congenital FXIII deficiency is managed with plasma-derived FXIII (pdFXIII) or recombinant FXIII (rFXIII) concentrates. AIM As the mechanisms protecting patients with low FXIII levels (<5IU/dL) from spontaneous bleeds remain unknown we assessed the interplay between thrombin(More)
INTRODUCTION Prophylaxis is the recommended treatment mode for severe hemophilia B. However, no single treatment regimen fits for all patients. Once-weekly prophylaxis with high-dose recombinant factor IX (rFIX) is efficacious, nevertheless, laboratory outcomes following 72 h after administration are lacking. METHODS In a prospective open-label(More)
The crystal structures of the ligand-binding core of the agonist complexes of the glutamate receptor-B (GluR-B) subunit of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)-selective glutamate receptor indicate that the distal anionic group of agonist molecules are stabilized by interactions with an N-terminal region of an alpha-helix(More)
BACKGROUND Standardized solvent/detergent (S/D)-treated plasma has been developed as an improved alternative to fresh frozen-plasma (FFP) in the management of severe bleeds. This study aimed at exploring compositional modifications that may influence the general applicability of S/D-treated plasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS S/D-treated plasma and FFP were(More)
Mast cell-derived heparin proteoglycans (HEP-PG) reside in vascular tissue and serve as a local antithrombotic. Heparin, as used clinically, is isolated from its protein backbone from porcine and bovine gut mucosa. The isolated heparin is an anticoagulant; however, when bound to a protein carrier the heparin conjugates will become antiplatelet agents by(More)
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