Annikki Vaalasti

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The distribution of nerves immunoreactive to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was studied in human skin with special reference to the intraepidermal nerve fibres. It was shown by light and electron microscopy that a small proportion of the CGRP immunoreactive nerves entered the epidermis. The majority of the nerves ended as free nerve terminals(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and enkephalins were demonstrated in the nerves of the human male urogenital tract by light and electron microscope immunohistochemical techniques. Nerves containing immunoreactivity to VIP were more numerous than enkephalin-immunoreactive nerves. Both VIP- and enkephalin-immunoreactive nerves were detected in the vas(More)
The cholinergic innervation of the human axillary sweat glands of hyperhidrotic patients was demonstrated by using the specific Karnovsky-Roots thiocholine method. The cholinergic innervation pattern was compared with the immunohistochemically demonstrated vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-like activity at light and electron microscopic levels. The(More)
The distribution in immunoreactivities towards atrial natriuretic peptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide, galanin and substance P were demonstrated in human skin at the light and electron microscopic levels. Nerves immunoreactive to the first three of these peptides were found around eccrine sweat glands, whereas only a few positively-labelled nerve(More)
The vacuolated neurons (VN) of the main hypogastric ganglion of the male rat were studied using the formaldehyde-induced fluorescence (FIF) method for the histochemical demonstration of catecholamines. Microspectrofluorimetry was performed to identify the fluorophores and to quantify the FIF. The thiocholine method (Koelle-Gomori) was used to demonstrate(More)
The sympathetic ganglia of adult and aged humans were obtained during vascular, gynaecological and urological surgery, and studied using the formaldehyde-induced fluorescence (FIF) method for histochemical demonstration of catecholamines. Microspectrofluorimetry was applied to characterize the emission spectra of the flurophores. The sympathetic ganglia(More)
The autonomic innervation of the rat ventral prostate was studied in an attempt to evaluate the role of innervation in the normal function of the gland. Specific histochemical methods for both catecholamines (the formaldehyde-induced fluorescence method, FIF) and acetylcholinesterases (the Gomori-Koelle thiocholine method) were used. The neuro-effector(More)
Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity has been found to occur in nerve terminals and fibres of the normal human skin using immunohistochemistry. The immunoreactivity seemed predominantly to be associated with sensory nerves. Thus, nerve fibres displaying weak or moderately strong somatostatin immunofluorescence were observed as free nerve endings of the(More)
The abdominal paraganglia in man represent a major source of catecholamines, and perhaps peptide hormones, during the fetal period. The nature of the innervation of the abdominal paraganglia was studied immunohistochemically by utilising antibodies to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, enkephalin, substance-P and somatostatin. The paraganglia showed an(More)
The paraganglia of adult man were studied using the formaldehyde-induced fluorescence (FIF) method for histochemical characterization of biogenic monoamines. Microspectrofluorimetry was used to record the emission spectra and fluorescence intensities of the paraganglionic cells. The study of samples from six patients showed that well vascularized(More)