Annika López

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OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter tears and to evaluate symptomatic outcome of primary repair. METHODS Obstetric-procedure, maternal, and fetal data were registered in 845 consecutive vaginally delivered women. Risk factors for anal sphincter tears were calculated by multiple logistic regression. All 808 Swedish-speaking(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term prevalence of anal incontinence after vaginal delivery is unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of anal incontinence in primiparous women 5 years after their first delivery and to evaluate the influence of subsequent childbirth. METHODS A total of 349 nulliparous women were prospectively followed up(More)
There have been few reports about the frequency of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Spain. We undertook a prevalence study in the province of Teruel, which is served by two hospitals as referral centres for a population of 143,680. We found a total of 46 patients who fulfilled Poser’s criteria for clinically definite or probable MS with a prevalence rate of(More)
PURPOSE Hysterectomy is the most common major gynecologic procedure. Unwanted postoperative effects on bowel function are a topic of recent debate. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the influence of hysterectomy on bowel function. METHODS One hundred and twenty consecutive patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions(More)
Rectocele is a frequent finding in constipated patients. However, constipation is not always relieved by rectocele repair, which may be due to other overlooked reasons for constipation. The study was designed to investigate patients with rectocele, in order to elucidate concomitant colorectal disorders and their association with rectocele. One hundred and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the use of simultaneous defecography and peritoneography (defecoperitoneography) in patients with an unexplained widening of the rectovaginal space noted at defecography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-two patients with unexplained widening of the rectovaginal space noted at defecography were studied with defecoperitoneography.(More)
PURPOSE This study was a prospective evaluation of the long-term effects of hysterectomy on bowel function using self-reported outcome measures on symptoms of constipation, rectal emptying difficulties, and anal incontinence. METHODS In this prospective cohort study, 120 consecutive patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions answered a(More)
AIM To clinically and histologically evaluate inflammatory response following rectocele repair using porcine collagen mesh. METHODS Seventeen patients underwent rectocele repair using porcine collagen mesh. Inflammatory response was assessed by clinical and histological inflammatory grading pre- and postoperatively. Postoperative body temperature,(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate rectocele repair using collagen mesh. METHODS 32 female patients underwent surgical repair using collagen mesh. Outcome was assessed in 29 patients and preoperative assessment included standardized questionnaire, clinical examination, and defecography. At the six-month follow-up, patients answered a standardized(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate prospectively the effect of first delivery on subjective bladder function and to assess the influence of subsequent deliveries and obstetric events METHODS We performed a prospective, observational cohort study. During a 10-week period in 1995, 304 of 309 eligible primiparous women (98%) entered the study at the postpartum maternity(More)