Annika Hermansson

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signals from membrane to nucleus through serine/threonine kinase receptors and their downstream effector molecules, termed Smad proteins. Recently, Smad6 and Smad7 were identified, which antagonize TGF-beta family signaling by preventing the activation of signal-transducing Smad complexes. Here we report that(More)
Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) is a pluripotent cytokine promoting epithelial cell plasticity during morphogenesis and tumour progression. TGFβ binding to type II and type I serine/threonine kinase receptors (TβRII and TβRI) causes activation of different intracellular signaling pathways. TβRI is associated with the ubiquitin ligase tumor necrosis(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is an important regulator of apoptosis in some cell types, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. TGF-beta signals through type I and type II receptors and downstream effector proteins, termed Smads. TGF-beta induces the phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 (receptor-activated Smads) which(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent and malignant form of primary brain tumor. GBM is essentially incurable and its resistance to therapy is attributed to a subpopulation of cells called glioma stem cells (GSCs). To meet the present shortage of relevant GBM cell (GC) lines we developed a library of annotated and validated cell lines derived from(More)
Tumor-initiating cells are a subpopulation in aggressive cancers that exhibit traits shared with stem cells, including the ability to self-renew and differentiate, commonly referred to as stemness. In addition, such cells are resistant to chemo- and radiation therapy posing a therapeutic challenge. To uncover stemness-associated functions in(More)
TSH-induced desensitization was studied in nonthyroidal cells expressing functionally active TSH receptors (TSHR). Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and mouse NIH 3T3 cells were stably transfected with a human TSHR cDNA. Stimulation of the CHO-TSHR and NIH-TSHR cells with 10 mU/ml TSH resulted in a decreased sensitivity to a second TSH stimulation only in(More)
The effect of the human TSH-receptor (TSHR) on the growth of human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells lacking the endogenous expression of TSHR, was studied both in vitro and in vivo in NMRI nude mice. Cells from a human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cell line (C643) were transfected with a TSHR cDNA, and clones were isolated after neomycin selection. The(More)
Activation of Met by its ligand HGF has been shown to elicit both mitogenic and motogenic responses in thyrocytes in vitro. In the present study we have investigated the expression of Met in human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells in culture. There was a variation in expression level and size of Met in the different cell lines; high Met expression was(More)
Intratumoral heterogeneity is a hallmark of glioblastoma multiforme and thought to negatively affect treatment efficacy. Here, we establish libraries of glioma-initiating cell (GIC) clones from patient samples and find extensive molecular and phenotypic variability among clones, including a range of responses to radiation and drugs. This widespread(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine. In the present study we have investigated the expression of TGF-beta receptors (TbetaR's) and SMAD proteins in non-neoplastic and neoplastic thyroid follicle cells. We found expression of all TbetaR's (type I, II and III) and SMAD proteins analysed (Smad2, Smad3, Smad4, Smad6 and(More)