Annika Bergquist

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OBJECTIVE Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease, which if untreated can lead to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence, prevalence, diagnostic tradition and clinical initial presentation of AIH. MATERIAL AND METHODS Analyses were performed in 473 patients identified as having probable or(More)
The reason why 10% to 20% of all patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) develop cholangiocarcinoma (CC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and biochemical presentation in PSC patients with and without hepatobiliary malignancy and to look for risk factors for developing hepatobiliary carcinoma in PSC. All PSC(More)
The prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with PSC differs in various part of the world. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is most common, but 1 to 14% of all primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) patients have Crohn disease with colonic involvement. Many PSC patients without clinical symptoms of IBD have colonoscopic and histological findings(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The long-term prognosis of patients with small-duct primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) remains incompletely characterized. We aimed at determining the natural history and long-term outcomes of a large number of patients with small-duct PSC. METHODS Data from 83 patients with well-characterized small-duct PSC from several medical(More)
BACKGROUND Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) confers a high risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) development. Since patients at risk of CC may be selected for early liver transplantation, it is a challenge to identify any predisposing factors. We compared the presentation and natural history of a large number of PSC patients with and without later CC(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We aimed to characterize the genetic susceptibility to primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) by means of a genome-wide association analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. METHODS A total of 443,816 SNPs on the Affymetrix SNP Array 5.0 (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA) were genotyped in 285 Norwegian PSC patients and 298(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A limited number of genetic risk factors have been reported in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). To discover further genetic susceptibility factors for PSC, we followed up on a second tier of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from a genome-wide association study (GWAS). METHODS We analyzed 45 SNPs in 1221 PSC cases and 3508(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an autoimmune liver disease with destruction of hepatic bile ducts. A high frequency of biliary epithelial cell antibodies (BEC-Ab) is present in PSC. Here, we studied the mechanisms and signaling pathways used by these Ab in causing BEC dysfunction. METHODS Immunoassays were performed using(More)
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a severe liver disease of unknown etiology leading to fibrotic destruction of the bile ducts and ultimately to the need for liver transplantation. We compared 3,789 PSC cases of European ancestry to 25,079 population controls across 130,422 SNPs genotyped using the Immunochip. We identified 12 genome-wide significant(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) is a liver disease which may lead to liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a well-known risk factor for hepatocellular cancer. Lymphoma is a disease, where immune modulating drugs as well as the autoimmune disease itself may contribute to the elevated risk. The aim was to investigate the risks of malignancies in a large(More)