Annie W. Y. Ng

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success of effective communication of traffic sign messages to road users may not only relate to the user characteristics but also the signs themselves. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the cognitive design features of 120 Mainland China traffic signs. The features included familiarity, concreteness, simplicity, meaningfulness, and semantic(More)
This experiment investigated the relationships between the characteristics of prospective-users of traffic signs (people who will use the signs in the future) and the guessability of traffic signs, and also examined the effects of sign design features on the guessability of traffic signs. Forty-one Hong Kong Chinese subjects guessed the meanings and rated(More)
This study investigated whether or not training methods affected the effectiveness of symbol training and if there were any relationships between sign symbol characteristics and training effectiveness. Altogether, 26 Mainland China industrial safety signs were used and 60 participants were randomly assigned into four equal-sized groups of control,(More)
Two solution-processable metallopolyynes of platinum functionalized with the electron-deficient 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophen-4-one spacer and their model molecular complexes were synthesized and developed for the applications of polymer solar cells. These metallated polymers possess extremely low bandgaps of 1.44-1.53 eV which extend toward the(More)
PROBLEM This paper addresses the effects of driver factors and sign design features on the comprehensibility of traffic signs. METHODS A survey was designed to capture subjects' personal particulars, ratings on sign features, and comprehension scores, and then administered to 109 Hong Kong full driving license holders. RESULTS Years with driving license(More)
Annealing is a common method to improve the efficiency of polymer photovoltaic cells. Annealing changes the microphase separation in a polymer blend film and typically also results in a change in its optical properties. We investigated the optical properties of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) before and after(More)
We report investigations on the influences of post-deposition treatments on the performance of solution-processed methylammonium lead triiodide (CH₃NH₃PbI₃)-based planar solar cells. The prepared films were stored in pure N₂ at room temperature or annealed in pure O₂ at room temperature, 45°C, 65°C and 85°C for 12 hours prior to the deposition of the metal(More)
The effects of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) incorporated in the hole transporting layer (HTL) of poly[[4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy] benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b'] dithiophene-2, 6-diyl] [3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexy)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophened iyl]] (PTB7): [6,6]-phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) based solar cells are being systematically investigated in(More)
We have deposited indium tin oxide (ITO) nanorods on glass and glass/ITO substrates by DC sputtering and by e-beam deposition. The properties of the nanorods deposited by different methods and on different substrates have been investigated. The ITO nanorods were also used as an electrode in bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells. We found that the nanorod(More)