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Bone mineral density (BMD), a risk factor for osteoporosis, is believed to be under genetic control. The effect of environmental factors and gender on the heritability of BMD and bone size is ill-defined. In this study, heritability estimates (h2) were determined in 3,320 southern Chinese subjects from 1,019 families using the variance components model. The(More)
Animal studies demonstrated that phytoestrogen had a protective effect against bone loss after ovariectomy. However, data on dietary phytoestrogen intake as well as its relationship with bone mineral density (BMD) in human are not available. Six hundred fifty southern Chinese women, aged 19 to 86 yr, were recruited to determine their dietary phytoestrogen(More)
OBJECTIVE Severe iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) may have been eradicated in many parts of the world, but milder forms still exist and may escape detection. We evaluated the impact of pregnancy on the maternal and fetal thyroid axis in Hong Kong, a coastal city in southern China with borderline iodine intake. DESIGN A prospective study performed in a(More)
Bone mineral density (BMD), a diagnostic parameter for osteoporosis and a clinical predictor of fracture, is a polygenic trait with high heritability. To identify genetic variants that influence BMD in different ethnic groups, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 800 unrelated Southern Chinese women with extreme BMD and carried out(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between percent body fat and body mass index (BMI) in the Chinese population of Hong Kong and to investigate whether the newly proposed lower BMI cut-offs for obesity in the Asia-Pacific Region recommended jointly by the International Association for the Study of Obesity, the International Obesity Task Force and the(More)
Epidemiology data have revealed a higher prevalence of nodular goiters in women than men in both iodine-sufficient and iodine-deficient areas. Increased prevalence of thyroid nodules has also been reported in women with higher gravidity. However, the association between pregnancy and thyroid nodule formation has never been studied. The aim of our study was(More)
The effects of gonadotrophin administration to 17 Chinese patients with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) on testicular volume and induction of spermatogenesis were studied. Ten subjects had isolated HH and seven had hypopituitarism. Twelve of the subjects had prepubertal onset of HH and five of them had been treated previously with hCG for induction of(More)
Controversial results were reported on the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and bone mineral density (BMD). We studied allelic frequencies of the BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) in 144 normal healthy southern Chinese premenopausal women aged between 30 and 40 years, and correlated their peak bone(More)
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is emerging as a simple, inexpensive and noninvasive method for assessing bone quality and assessing fracture risk. We assessed the usefulness of a contact calcaneal ultrasonometer by studying normal premenopausal women (group I, n = 53), normal postmenopausal women (group II, n = 198), and osteoporotic women without (group(More)
Genetic contributions play an important role in determining bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is abundant in bone and has been implicated as an important regulator of both bone formation and resorption. Several polymorphisms of the TGF-beta1 gene have recently been suggested to be associated with BMD(More)