Annie Valette

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We have studied the effects of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) on the survival of embryonic motoneurons in culture. For this purpose, E14 rat embryo motoneurons were purified to more than 90% homogeneity by cell sorting and cultured at low density on monolayers of cortex astrocytes. Subnanomolar concentrations of TGF beta 1 (40-500 pM)(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been previously shown to inhibit the proliferation of some human ovarian carcinoma cell lines, and this inhibition was accompanied by cellular changes that were indicative of differentiation (Caliaro et al, 1994). In this work, a pretreatment of these adenocarcinoma cells with ATRA, for their respective doubling time,(More)
The multicellular tumor spheroid (MCTS) is an in vitro model associating malignant-cell microenvironment and 3D organization as currently observed in avascular tumors. In order to evaluate the relevance of this model for pre-clinical studies of drug combinations, we analyzed the effect of gemcitabine alone and in combination with the CHIR-124 CHK1 inhibitor(More)
Xylopia aethiopica, a plant found throughout West Africa, has both nutritional and medicinal uses. The present study aims to characterize the effects of extracts of this plant on cancer cells. We report that X. aethiopica extract prepared with 70% ethanol has antiproliferative activity against a panel of cancer cell lines. The IC50 was estimated at 12 μg/ml(More)
Treatment of MCF-7 cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) results in an inhibition of cell proliferation and a reduction in the number of estrogen receptors (ER), shown by binding studies and immunoassay. The decrease in ER concentration induced by phorbol ester derivatives parallels their growth inhibitory effect. Moreover, the estrogen(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages are known to amplify the malignant potential of tumors by secreting a variety of cytokines and proteases involved in tumor cell invasion and metastasis, but how these macrophages infiltrate tumors and whether the macrophage migration process facilitates tumor cell invasion remain poorly documented. To address these questions, we(More)
Exposure of MCF-7 human mammary carcinoma cells to 12-0-tetra-decanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) results in changes in cell morphology and arrest of cell growth. The inhibition of cell proliferation and the increase in cell volume are concentration dependent; these effects are reversible upon removal of the tumor promoting agent. Electron micro scopic studies(More)
We previously showed that thyroglobulin (Tg) glycosylation is enhanced 1.5-fold under thyrotropin (TSH) stimulation, corresponding to an increased number of oligosaccharide chains per molecule of Tg. Now the steps involving dolichol components and oligosaccharyltransferase activity have been studied. Porcine thyroid cells were cultured on porous bottom(More)
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