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BACKGROUND Information is lacking on the potential effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on the adipose tissue of patients with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE We evaluated whether n-3 PUFAs have additional effects on adiposity, insulin sensitivity, adipose tissue function (production of adipokines and inflammatory and atherogenic factors), and(More)
Although antipsychotics are established drugs in schizophrenia treatment, they are admittedly known to induce side effects favoring the onset of obesity and worsening its complications. Despite potential involvement of histamine receptor antagonism, or of other neurotransmitter systems, the mechanism by which antipsychotic drugs increase body weight is not(More)
The renin-angiotensin system with its active metabolite angiotensin (Ang) II has been related not only to hypertension but also to obesity and insulin resistance. Recent evidence obtained in vitro suggests that the type 2 Ang II receptor (AT2R) mediates the trophic action of Ang II on adipocyte differentiation and lipogenesis. We used AT2R(y/-) mice to(More)
Second-generation antipsychotics are widely used in the treatment of all forms of psychoses, but they often produce undesirable side effects, among which are weight gain and other elements of metabolic syndrome. The mechanisms of these adverse effects are not known. The liver and adipose tissue are the principal candidate organs implicated in the(More)
We investigated angiotensinogen (AGT) expression in adipose tissue and liver of Zucker rats during the onset of obesity. The developmental pattern of AGT expression (protein and mRNA) in liver was similar in both genotypes. In inguinal adipose tissue, AGT cell content was similar in suckling and weaned pups in lean rats, whereas it continuously increased(More)
BACKGROUND The adipose tissue renin-angiotensin system (RAS) contributes to regulation of fat mass and may also impact systemic functions such as blood pressure and metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS A panel of mouse models including mice lacking angiotensinogen, Agt (Agt-KO), mice expressing Agt solely in adipose tissue (aP2-Agt/Agt-KO), and mice(More)
Gender and dietary fatty acids are involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism, disturbances of which can lead to pathologies such as metabolic syndrome or CVD. Possible interactions between these factors were investigated in male and female hamsters fed diets rich in either saturated fatty acids ( "butter" diet) or in alpha-linolenic acid ( "linseed(More)
Numerous animal and clinical investigations have pointed to a potential role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the development of insulin resistance and diabetes in conditions of expanded fat mass. However, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. We used a transgenic mouse model overexpressing renin in the liver (RenTgMK) to(More)
In a previous study, we have demonstrated that a supplementation of a high-fat diet with a quinoa extract enriched in 20-hydroxyecdysone (QE) or pure 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) could prevent the development of obesity. In line with the anti-obesity effect of QE, we used indirect calorimetry to examine the effect of dietary QE and 20E in high-fat fed mice on(More)
Glutathione (GSH) derives from cysteine and plays a key role in redox status. GSH synthesis is determined mainly by cysteine availability and γ-glutamate cysteine ligase (γGCL) activity. Because PPARα activation is known to control the metabolism of certain amino acids, GSH synthesis from cysteine and related metabolisms were explored in wild-type (WT) and(More)