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The ligand-binding head region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A domain (betaA). Ligand binding activity is regulated through conformational changes in betaA, and ligand recognition also causes conformational changes that are transduced from this domain. The molecular basis of signal transduction to and from betaA is(More)
The structural basis of the interaction of integrin heterodimers with their physiological ligands is poorly understood. We have used solution x-ray scattering to visualize the head region of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 in an inactive (Ca2+-occupied) state, and in complex with a fragment of fibronectin containing the RGD and synergy recognition sequences. Shape(More)
Integrin-ligand interactions are regulated in a complex manner by divalent cations, and multiple cation-binding sites are found in both alpha and beta integrin subunits. A key cation-binding site that lies in the beta subunit A-domain is known as the metal-ion dependent adhesion site (MIDAS). Recent x-ray crystal structures of integrin alpha V beta 3 have(More)
Integrins are the major family of receptors involved in the adhesive interactions of cells with extracellular matrix macromolecules. Although it is known that integrins can exist in active or inactive states, the molecular mechanisms by which integrin activity is modulated are poorly understood. A novel anti-integrin monoclonal antibody, 12G10, that(More)
Integrin adhesion receptors are structurally dynamic proteins that adopt a number of functionally relevant conformations. We have produced a conformation-dependent anti-alpha5 monoclonal antibody (SNAKA51) that converts alpha5beta1 integrin into a ligand-competent form and promotes fibronectin binding. In adherent fibroblasts, SNAKA51 preferentially bound(More)
The alternatively spliced type III connecting segment (IIICS) region of fibronectin contains two distinct sites that support the adhesion of melanoma cells. These sites are contained within the synthetic peptides CS1 and CS5 (residues 1-25 and 90-109 of the IIICS, respectively). Recently, the cellular receptor for the CS1 site has been identified as the(More)
Binding of integrins to ligands provides anchorage and signals for the cell, making them prime candidates for mechanosensing molecules. How force regulates integrin-ligand dissociation is unclear. We used atomic force microscopy to measure the force-dependent lifetimes of single bonds between a fibronectin fragment and an integrin alpha(5)beta(1)-Fc fusion(More)
Eukaryotic cells adhere to at least two different regions of the fibronectin molecule: a central domain present in all fibronectin isoforms, and the type III connecting segment domain (IIICS), the expression of which is controlled by complex alternative splicing of precursor mRNA. Using affinity chromatography on a matrix containing a synthetic peptide(More)
Integrin-ligand interactions are known to be dependent on divalent cations, although the precise role of cations in ligand binding is still unclear. Using the interaction between alpha 5 beta 1 and fibronectin as a model system, we have performed a comprehensive analysis of the effects of Mn2+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ on ligand binding. Each cation had distinct(More)
Different beta(1) integrins bind Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides with differing specificities, suggesting a role for residues in the alpha subunit in determining ligand specificity. Integrin alpha(5)beta(1) has been shown to bind with high affinity to peptides containing an Arg-Gly-Asp-Gly-Trp (RGDGW) sequence but with relatively low affinity to other RGD(More)