Annie M. Garcia

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Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a pleotropic cytokine released by T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Normally, these cells do not traverse the blood-brain barrier at appreciable levels and, as such, IFN-gamma is generally undetectable within the central nervous system (CNS). Nevertheless, in response to CNS infections, as well as during certain(More)
The blood clearance and 24-hr organ distribution of five lymphocyte-rich suspensions harvested from different source organs were compared in the Wistar rat, after labeling with [111In]tropolone and intravenous injection. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (chiefly T cells) had the highest levels in the blood and lymph nodes, a relatively higher level in intestine(More)
The pathogenic role of excessive vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A in diabetic nephropathy has not been defined. We sought to test whether increased podocyte VEGF-A signalling determines the severity of diabetic glomerulopathy. Podocyte-specific, doxycycline-inducible Vegf 164 (the most abundant Vegfa isoform) overexpressing adult transgenic mice(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is a pleotropic cytokine released by T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Normally, these cells do not traverse the blood-brain barrier at appreciable levels and, as such, IFN-γ is generally undetectable within the central nervous system (CNS). Nevertheless, in response to CNS infections, as well as during certain disorders in(More)
In an attempt to gather evidence relevant to the question of whether natural killer (NK) cells play a role in resisting the development of primary tumors, we compared natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity in two substrains of C3H mice. Animals of the C3H/OuJ substrain are at high risk for the formation of mammary adenocarcinomas, while C3Heb/FeJ mice have a(More)
Levels (by immunoblotting) and cell distribution (by immunofluorescence) of connexins (Cxs) and glucagon receptors (GRs) were studied during the ontogeny of the rat liver. Cx32, the main rat liver gap junction protein, was present in fetal hepatocytes, and its abundance increased between the 19th and 21st gestational days. The major increase in Cx32 levels(More)
In view of the current interest in the use of lymphoid cells in adoptive immunotherapy of patients with advanced cancer, we have studied the homing patterns of various lymphoid effector cells in mammary-tumor-bearing mice. Single-cell suspensions of total splenocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells were prepared from(More)
Early in mammalian development, the stem cell leukemia (SCL/TAL1) gene and its distinct 3' enhancer (SCL 3'En) specify bipotential progenitor cells that give rise to blood and endothelium, thus termed hemangioblasts. We have previously detected a minor population of SCL (+) cells in the postnatal kidney. Here, we demonstrate that cells expressing the SCL(More)
We have compared the ability of natural killer (NK) cells from two substrains of C3H mice that differ with respect to their susceptibility to the development of mammary adenocarcinomas to lyse fresh syngeneic mammary tumor cells. Single cell suspensions of mammary tumors from retired breeder females were used as targets in 22-h 51Cr-release cytotoxicity(More)