Annie L'helgoualc'h

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Reepithelialization during cutaneous wound healing involves numerous signals that result in basal keratinocyte activation, spreading, and migration, all linked to a loosening of cell-cell adhesion structures. The transcription factor Slug is required for this process, and EGF treatment of human keratinocytes induced activating phosphorylation of Erk5 that(More)
BACKGROUND Both livers and hepatocytes from pigs have been proposed for the treatment of end-stage liver diseases, as an alternative to allogeneic liver transplants. However, little is known of the capability of porcine hepatocytes to fulfill the biotransformation pathways of toxic compounds, including those released from livers in acute failure. We have(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) regulates a wide variety of biological processes through two types of Ser/Thr transmembrane receptors: the TGF-beta type I receptor and the TGF-beta type II receptor (TbetaRII). Upon ligand binding, TGF-beta type I receptor activated by TbetaRII propagates signals to Smad proteins, which mediate the activation of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) activation is associated with basement membrane remodeling that occurs in injured tissues and during tumor invasion. The newly described membrane-type MMPs (MT-MMPs) form a family of potential MMP2 activators. We investigated the localization and steady-state levels of MT1-MMP and MT2-MMP mRNA, compared with those of MMP2(More)
Development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex and progressive disease that involves cycles of liver cell death, inflammation, and tissue regeneration/remodelling. Chemokines and chemokine receptors play numerous and integral roles in the disease progression of HCC. Here we investigated the novel chemokine receptor CXCR7/RDC1 in HCC progression,(More)
IL-33, a novel IL-1 family member, is crucially expressed and involved in pulmonary diseases, but its regulation in viral diseases such as influenza A virus (IAV) remains unclear. This study aimed to characterize the expression and release of IL-33 in lungs of IAV-infected mice in vivo and in murine respiratory epithelial cells (MLE-15) in vitro. Our(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection with hepatitis C virus is a worldwide health problem. An inadequate Th2 cytokine response promotes the fibrosis-cirrhosis fate. Immune-modulating molecules favoring a Th2 profile, such as HLA-G molecules of the HLA class Ib family, may play a role in chronic hepatitis. HLA-G contributes to the escape of tumors, and their(More)
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is thought to be released during cellular death as an alarming cytokine during the acute phase of disease, but its regulation in vivo is poorly understood. We investigated the expression of IL-33 in two mouse models of acute hepatitis by administering either carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4) ) or concanavalin A (ConA). IL-33 was(More)
Degradation of basement membranes is a key step in tumoral invasion, mainly mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs). Since the liver is a main target for metastases from gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma, we have investigated MMP2 and TIMP2 expression by RT-PCR, in situ hybridization and zymography in the liver of patients(More)
Activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, the 72-kd collagenase IV/gelatinase A, is involved in extracellular matrix remodeling. It has been suggested that a membrane-type MMP (MT-MMP-1) and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 are involved in MMP-2 processing, but the exact mechanism(s) of its activation remains unclear. We have(More)