Annie Frelet-Barrand

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BACKGROUND Membrane proteins are the targets of 50% of drugs, although they only represent 1% of total cellular proteins. The first major bottleneck on the route to their functional and structural characterisation is their overexpression; and simply choosing the right system can involve many months of trial and error. This work is intended as a guide to(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their functional and biotechnological importance, the study of membrane proteins remains difficult due to their hydrophobicity and their low natural abundance in cells. Furthermore, into established heterologous systems, these proteins are frequently only produced at very low levels, toxic and mis- or unfolded. Lactococcus lactis, a(More)
Copper is an essential micronutrient but it is also potentially toxic as copper ions can catalyse the production of free radicals, which result in various types of cell damage. Therefore, copper homeostasis in plant and animal cells must be tightly controlled. In the chloroplast, copper import is mediated by a chloroplast-envelope PIB-type ATPase,(More)
The ADP/ATP carrier (AAC) is a very effective membrane protein that mediates the exchange of ADP and ATP across the mitochondrial membrane. In vivo transport measurements on the AAC overexpressed in Escherichia coli demonstrate that this process can be severely inhibited by high-chloride concentrations. Molecular-dynamics simulations reveal a strong(More)
Eukaryotic membrane protein expression is still a major bottleneck for structural studies. Production in E. coli often leads to low expression level and/or aggregated proteins. In the last decade, strategies relying on new fusion protein expression revealed promising results. Fusion with the amphipatic Mistic protein has been described to favor expression(More)
Despite the great importance of human membrane proteins involved in detoxification mechanisms, their wide use for biochemical approaches is still hampered by several technical difficulties considering eukaryotic protein expression in order to obtain the large amounts of protein required for functional and/or structural studies. Lactococcus lactis has(More)
BACKGROUND Chloroplast ATP/ADP transporters are essential to energy homeostasis in plant cells. However, their molecular mechanism remains poorly understood, primarily due to the difficulty of producing and purifying functional recombinant forms of these transporters. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this work, we describe an expression and purification(More)
The study of most membrane proteins remains challenging due to their hydrophobicity and their low natural abundance in cells. Lactococcus lactis, a Gram-positive lactic bacterium, has been traditionally used in food fermentations and is nowadays widely used in biotechnology for large-scale production of heterologous proteins. This system has been(More)
Due to their unique properties, expression and study of membrane proteins in heterologous systems remains difficult. Among the bacterial systems available, the Gram-positive lactic bacterium, Lactococcus lactis, traditionally used in food fermentations, is nowadays widely used for large-scale production and functional characterization of bacterial and(More)
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