Annie Delouche

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BACKGROUND Factor analysis of the left ventricle in echography was developed to study the regional wall motion. Two factors and associated factor images were estimated using specific constraints: one "constant" factor and another "contraction-relaxation" factor. The constant factor was encoded in green, the positive component of the contraction in red and(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate hemodynamic and functional changes of the failed left ventricle by Velocity Vector Imaging (VVI) and tissue Doppler, 22 patients with cardiogenic shock supported by extracorporeal life support (ECLS) were imaged during ECLS output variations inducing severe load manipulations. METHODS The following data were acquired: (1) mean(More)
A class of adapted mean frequency estimators is proposed for color flow mapping. These estimators can be fitted to the specific characteristics of a given Doppler signal to optimize the compromise between the range of analysable frequencies and the variance of mean frequency estimation. A sub-optimal estimator is derived for real-time applications, and an(More)
The computerized study of the regional contraction of the left ventricle has undergone numerous developments, particularly in relation to echocardiography. A new method, parametric analysis of main motion (PAMM), is proposed in order to synthesize the information contained in a cine loop of images in parametric images. PAMM determines, for the intensity(More)
This study has tested solutions to optimize the ability of factor analysis of the left ventricle in echocardiography (FALVE) to detect segmental wall motion abnormalities automatically. On four- and two-chamber views of 38 patients, two factors (one flat curve and one curve describing the contraction-relaxation sequence) were extracted and associated factor(More)
The aim of this paper is to develop an automated method which operates on echocardiographic dynamic loops for classifying the left ventricular regional wall motion (RWM) in a four-point scale. A non-selected group of 37 patients (2 and 4 chamber views) was studied. Each view was segmented according to the standardized segmentation using three manually(More)
To evaluate the potential of harmonic power Doppler to quantify perfusion using a continuous infusion of contrast, two dialysis cartridges were perfused with different flow rates adjusted between 0 to 300 mL/min, corresponding to flow ratios comprised between 300:0 and 150:150. The contrast agent (Levovist, Schering) was injected at constant rates (0.6 to 5(More)
In order to provide physical information supporting the clinical use of flow mapping, an in vitro model was designed to measure the velocity fields in a pulsatile hydraulic turbulent jet. We used a peak velocity ranging from 2.5 to 5.5 m.s-1, an orifice diameter ranging from 5.8 to 11.3 mm and confined the jet in a receiving tube whose diameter ranged from(More)
The velocity fields of turbulent jets can be described using a single formula which includes two empirical constants: k(core) determining the length of the central core and k(turb) the jet widening. Flow models simulating jet adhesion, confinement and noncircular orifices were studied using laser Doppler anemometer and the modifications of the constants(More)