Annie Brevet

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Lysyl-tRNA synthetase is a member of the class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and catalyses the specific aminoacylation of tRNA(Lys). The crystal structure of the constitutive lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysS) from Escherichia coli has been determined to 2.7 A resolution in the unliganded form and in a complex with the lysine substrate. A comparison between the(More)
The putative human tumor suppressor gene FHIT (fragile histidine triad) (M. Ohta et al., Cell 84:587-597, 1996) encodes a protein behaving in vitro as a dinucleoside 5',5"'-P1,P3-triphosphate (Ap3A) hydrolase. In this report, we show that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae APH1 gene product, which resembles human Fhit protein, also hydrolyzes dinucleoside(More)
A new set of bis(5'-nucleosidyl) tetraphosphates, the Bp4B' nucleotides (B and B' = C, G, or U not equal to A), are demonstrated in living cells. In exponentially growing Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cellular concentrations of Cp4U, Up4U, Gp4G, Cp4C, Gp4U, and Gp4C are 210, 200, 60, 50, 40, and 30 nM, respectively. It is likely that these nucleotides originate(More)
The ppa gene for inorganic pyrophosphatase is essential for the growth of Escherichia coli. A recombinant with a chromosomal ppa::Kanr lesion and a temperature-sensitive replicon with a ppa+ gene showed a temperature-sensitive growth phenotype, and a mutant with the sole ppa+ gene under control of the lac promoter showed inducer-dependent growth. When the(More)
Diadenosine-5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (diadenosinetetraphosphatase) from Escherichia coli strain EM20031 has been purified 5000-fold from 4 kg of wet cells. It produces 2.4 mg of homogeneous enzyme with a yield of 3.1%. The enzyme activity in the reaction of ADP production from Ap4A is 250 s-1 [37 degrees C, 50 mM(More)
When cultures of skeletal muscle cells of the chick embryo are subjected to repetitive, electrical stimulation, the contractions increase the amount of protein produced by these cells. The increase is greater for contractile proteins such as myosin heavy chain than for total cellular protein. This demonstrates that in a culture system of skeletal muscle(More)
The unusual bis(5'-nucleosidyl)oligophosphates: Ap4A, Ap4G, Ap3A, and Ap3G, have been measured in cultures of Drosophila cells. Exponentially growing cells contain concentrations of 0.25, 0.31, 0.87, and 2.25 microM, respectively. These nucleotides have been followed after stressing the cells either by CdCl2 addition or by heat-shock treatment. Their(More)
An enzyme able to cleave dinucleoside triphosphates has been purified 3,750-fold from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Contrary to the enzymes previously shown to catabolize Ap4A in yeast, this enzyme is a hydrolase rather than a phosphorylase. The dinucleoside triphosphatase molecular ratio estimated by gel filtration is 55,000. Dinucleoside triphosphatase(More)
The diadenosine 5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate alpha,beta-phosphorylase (Ap4A phosphorylase), recently observed in yeast [Guaranowski, A., & Blanquet, S. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 3542-3547], is shown to be capable of catalyzing the synthesis of Ap4A from ATP + ADP, i.e., the reverse reaction of the phosphorolysis of Ap4A. The synthesis of Ap4A markedly(More)
Polypeptides obtained by limited tryptic digestion of several myosins have been analyzed by a two-dimensional electrophoresis technique. The different maps thus obtained exhibit some common and distinct features specific of the myosins studied. Myosins from rabbit, fast and slow muscle and cardiac tissue, as well as beef cardiac myosin, have been compared.(More)