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Many patients with haemophilia develop inhibitors to factor VIII and require bypassing agents to provide haemostatic cover for limb- or life-threatening bleeding episodes. Due to the reduced risk of blood-borne pathogen transmission with recombinant products, on-demand recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa; NovoSeven is the treatment of choice for children with(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) link hemostasis, thrombosis, and complement. ECs synthesize both the clotting initiator von Willebrand factor (VWF) and the complement regulator factor H (FH). VWF is stored in EC Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), but the intracellular location of FH is not well defined. We found that FH colocalizes with VWF in WPBs of human(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the maternal, fetal and neonatal safety of enoxaparin in pregnant women who require antithrombotic therapy. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of case notes of women who received enoxaparin during pregnancy, irrespective of dose, duration and reason for treatment. SETTING Fifty-five French perinatal centres. SAMPLE Data from 624(More)
Inhibitor development is the major treatment complication in children with severe hemophilia A. It is not clear whether the risk of inhibitors is higher with recombinant factor VIII or with plasma-derived factor VIII. We used multivariate analysis to compare 2 cohorts of previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe hemophilia A: 62 patients treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to correct the primary von Willebrand factor (VWF) defect and avoid supra-physiologic plasma levels of factor VIII, a pure VWF concentrate almost devoid of FVIII was developed and used in France since 1989. METHODS The pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of the most recent version of this concentrate (Wilfactin; LFB, Les Ulis, France), treated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A plasma-derived von Willebrand factor (VWF) concentrate with low factor VIII (FVIII) content was specifically developed to treat von Willebrand disease (VWD). Efficacy and safety were investigated by merging the results of two comparable protocols conducted prospectively in 5 European and 12 French centers. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a chaperone molecule for procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII). Its role in the reduction of the immunogenicity of therapeutic FVIII in patients with hemophilia A has been evoked but lacks clear cellular and molecular rationale. Here, we demonstrate that VWF protects FVIII from being endocytosed by human dendritic cells (DCs) and(More)
The physical condition of severe haemophilia and the impact of advances in replacement therapy have been much studied, but little work has been done on patients who developed inhibitors. The 'Statut Orthopédique des Patients Hémophiles avec Inhibiteur' study was conducted in France in order to assess the orthopaedic status and quality of life of such(More)
Patients with mild/moderate hemophilia A (MHA) may develop inhibitors to factor VIII (FVIII). In this condition, FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) baseline levels may remain stable for some patients, but may be reduced to less than 0.01 U/mL for others. Several risk factors for the development of inhibitors in MHA have been proposed. Genetic factors, such(More)
Acquired von Willebrand disease associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been detected in three middle-aged women. In each case the first clinical manifestation was a bleeding syndrome. Plasma levels of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination were as found in type 1 von Willebrand disease for the first(More)