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Time trends in cancer risk have often been summarised by the observation that mortality from cancers associated with tobacco is increasing rapidly, while mortality from all other cancers is either stable or falling slightly, this slight decline being dominated by the decrease in mortality from stomach cancer. Until recently, and with some variation between(More)
To investigate the prevalence of and the risk factors for cervical infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) in an inner-city area of Ibadan, Nigeria, we interviewed and obtained a sample of cervical cells from 932 sexually active women aged 15 years or older. A total of 32 different HPV types were identified with an HPV prevalence of 26.3% overall and(More)
In an international population-based case-control study carried out in 8 centres in 6 countries, we investigated the role of specific medical conditions in the aetiology of brain tumours in adults. Recruited were 1,178 glioma and 331 meningioma cases and 2,493 age- and gender-matched population controls. Only medical conditions occurring at least 2 years(More)
To investigate the prevalence of, and the risk factors for, cervical infection with 44 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a rural area in the Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India, we interviewed and obtained cervical cell samples from 1891 married women aged 16-59 years. HPV prevalence was 16.9% overall and 14.0% among women without cervical(More)
The natural course of Chlamydia trachomatis infection and its risk factors were studied in Colombian women with normal cytological results, during a 5-year period. Eighty-two women who were found to be positive for C. trachomatis at the start of the study were studied at 6-month intervals. At each visit, a cervical scrape sample was obtained for detection(More)
Select cancer registries report that cervical cancer is relatively rare in the People's Republic of China, but may not be representative of the entire country. We carried out a survey of human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in 3 samples of women, i.e., general population, factory workers, and tertiary sector workers, in Shenzhen City in 2004. All(More)
A total of 1218 cases of childhood brain tumours (CBT) and 2223 control subjects from the general population were included in a population-based case-control study conducted in nine centres in seven countries. Mothers were asked about farm- or agriculture-related exposures. Significantly elevated odds ratios (OR) for CBT were associated with children's(More)
Objective: To evaluate the role of parental occupations in the etiology of childhood brain tumors (CBT). Methods: Population-based case–control studies were conducted concurrently in seven countries under the coordination of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, gathering 1218 cases and 2223 controls. We report here the findings related to(More)
The majority of suspected occupational risk factors for adult brain tumours have yet to be confirmed as etiologically relevant. Within an international case-control study on brain tumours, lifelong occupational histories and information on exposures to specific substances were obtained by direct interviews to further investigate occupational risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva (SCCC) is associated with HIV-related immunosuppression, but human papillomavirus virus (HPV) is also suspected to have a role. We carried out a case-control study to assess the role of cutaneous and mucosal HPV types in SCCC, conjunctival dysplasia, and their combination (SCCC/dysplasia) in Uganda. (More)